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英语六级考试改错题训练(一)

发帖者 吴怀唐 On 上午10:53
  一、题型特征

  作为CET传统题型之一,综合改错题仍然是与完型填空一起作为二选一出现,文章长度大约在200-250词之间,共包含10处错误。每行不超过一处错误,而且不包括标点符号错误和纯粹的单词拼写错误。 综合改错题难度较大,它主要测试考生的英语综合理解与表达能力。它不但要求考生有扎实的语言基础知识(如词汇语法),而且要求考生有较强语篇理解能力与表达能力,以及利用上下文进行逻辑推理的能力。

  二、考查方式

  1.改正(correction) (/)2.删除(delete) (/) 3.增添(add)(∧)

  三、错误类型

  逻辑表达错误、介词使用错误、代词使用错误、非谓语动词使用错误、主谓语前后不一致错误、名词的错误、代词使用错误、冠词的错误、句子结构的错误、时态语态和语气的使用错误及易混淆词的使用错误。

  四、解题步骤

  1、一般来说,做题时千万不要拿起来就改,先花1-2分钟从头到尾通读全文,,对文章大致内容有所了解,做到心中有数。

  2、然后把重点放在有错误项的标有题号行,寻找较容易辨认的语法错误,如主谓不一致、时态、语态使用错误、非谓语动词错误等。

  3、如果错行中不存在上述明显错误,则应查看是否有词语搭配错误、易混词错误、词性错误等等细节错误。

  4、如果错行中急不存在语法错误,也不存在词汇错误,则从整体上查看上下文意思是否连贯,连接词是否使用正确,是否有逻辑混乱的现象,如否定句误用成肯定句造成句意不通等。

  5、找到错误项后,按要求形式进行改正、删除或增添,并设法找到一个正确项使句子在语法语义逻辑上都成立。

  真题热身:

  2006年12月新六级

  The National Endowment for the Arts recently released the

  the results of its “Reading at Risk” survey, which described

  movement of the American public away from books and

  literature and toward television and electronic media.

  According to the survey. “reading is on the decline on every 62.__________

  region, within every ethnic group, and at every educational level.”

  The day the NEA report released, the U.S. House, in a tie 63.___________

  vote, upheld the government’s right to obtain bookstore and

  library records under a provision of the USA Patriot Act. The

  House proposal would have barred the federal government

  from demand library records, reading lists, book customer 64.___________

  lists and other material in terrorism and intelligence investigations.

  These two events are completely unrelated to, yet they 65.___________

  echo each other in the message they send about the place of

  books and reading in American culture. At the heart

  of the NEA survey is the belief in our democratic 66.__________

  system depends on leaders who can think critically, analyze

  texts and writing clearly. All of these are skills promoted by 67.__________

  reading and discussing books and literature. At the same time,

  through a provision of the Patriot Act, the leaders of our

  country are unconsciously sending the message that reading

  may be connected to desirable activities that might 68._________

  undermine our system of government rather than helping

  democracy flourish.

  Our culture’s decline in reading begin well before the 69._________

  existence of the Patriot Act. During the 1980s’ culture wars,

  school systems across the country pulled some books from

  library shelves because its content was deemed by parents 70.__________

  and teachers to be inappropriate. Now what started in schools

  across the country is playing itself out on a nation stage and 71.________

  is possibly having an impact on the reading habits of the

  American public.

  答案与解析

  62.on-in。本行中According to the survey在语义和结构上都没有错;on the decline为固定搭配,意为“呈下降趋势”,符合文意,也正确;故将错误锁定为介词on。on意为“在…之上”,而此处表示“在任何地区/区域”,故将on改为in(在;在…之内)。

  63.report∧released-∧was。分析句子结构,the U.S.House(美国众议院)为句子主句,upheld(支持,赞成)为谓语,The day the NEA report released是一个时间状语从句,此处关系代词when被省略;report应该是被发表的,所以应在report和released之间插入was,released对此也有很好的提示作用。注意此处应该使用系动词的过去时态。in a tie vote为习惯用法,意为“以微弱优势胜出”。

  64.demand-demanding。 “bar...from doing sth.”为固定用法,意为“阻止/禁止…做某事”。

  65.删除to。 “unrelated to”为固定搭配,意为“与…无关”,其后须接名词;如果保留介词to,根据语义此处需添加名词性词组each other,这与命题规律不符,故将to去掉。unrelated意为“无关的,不相关的”。

  66.in-that。分析句子结构,本句为介词短语提前引起的倒装句,句子的谓语is被提到主语the belief之前。本句中同时出现两个动词,系动词is在主句中作谓语,因此depends应该是从句中的谓语。本句中,our democratic system depends on leaders...clearly是the belief的同位语从句;同位语从句中,先行词为物时,一般由关系代词that来引导,且that不能省略,故将in改为that。belief in为习惯用法,意为“相信…,对…有信心”,但介词in不能引导从句。

  67.writing-wrtie。writing与think和analyze是由and连接的三个并列的动词,且三个动词都位于情态动词can之后,应使用动词原形,故将writing改为write。

  68.desirable-undesirable。be connected to为固定用法,意为“与…有关”,其后一般接名词。此处的定语从句that might undermine our system of government rather than helping democracy flourish修饰名词activities,根据从句中的undermine(损坏,破坏)及rather than helping(而不是帮助)可知,这些活动(activities)应该是消极的,desirable(可取的,有利的)与语义不符,故将desirable改为undesirable。

  69.begin-began。 “decline in”为习惯用法,意为“在某方面有所下降”;well可以表示程度,意为“相当的;充分的”,well before表示“早在…之前就已经”。before表示动作已经发生,因此本句中的动词应使用过去时态,故将begin改为began。

  70.its-their。because在本句中引导原因状语从句,从句中的主语content(内容)为不可数名词,且本句描述的是过去发生的事,故从句中的was为单复数形式和时态都正确。此处的its对应的是主句中的some books,二者在语意上矛盾,故将its改为their 。

  71.nation-national。本句的主语为由what引导的从句,故谓语为is,主谓一致正确。play out为固定搭配,意为“发出;展示”;此处表示“在全国范围这个舞台上展示”,nation意为“国家,民族”,强调国家主权和民族特征,常含政治意味;national意为“国家级的;全国范围内的”,表示一种更高级别或更大的范围,故将nation改为national。

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