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英语六级考试改错题训练(二)

发帖者 吴怀唐 On 上午11:10
  错误类型

  1.逻辑表达错误 2.介词使用错误 3.代词使用错误 4.非谓语动词使用错误 5.主谓语前后不一致错误 6.名词的错误 7.代词使用错误 8.冠词的错误 9.句子结构的错误 10.时态语态和语气的使用错误 11.易混淆词的使用错误。

  一、逻辑表达的错误

  逻辑表达错误是由于某个词语使用不当而造成文章在语义上前后不一致或者矛盾的错误类型,具有难度大、不易发现的特点。这类错误往往需要在考生充分理解全文并具有较强的语言综合应用能力的基础上方可解答。一般来说,逻辑表达错误包括两种类型。

  第一种是反义词的使用错误,常见的这类错误有:①派生反义词,如:encourage-discourage,load-unload,satisfy-dissatisfy等;②互补性反义词,如:dead-alive,boy-girl,man-woman,male-female,brother-sister,married-single等;③换位性反义词,如:buy-sell,give-receive,lend-borrow,husband-wife,parent-child,left-right等;④相对性反义词,如:easy-hard,big-small,cold-hot,old-young,wide-narrow,love-hate等;⑤按上下文语义,行中多用了not或no,或必须添上not或no。

  第二种是连接词的使用错误,包括:①并列连词,如:and,but,for,or等;②主从连词,这类词较多,如:because,(al)though,if,unless,before,after,until,as,while,whereas等;③连接性副词,如:however,moreover,besides,nevertheless,then,thus等;④连接性介词,如:because of,despite,besides,instead of等。

  例1

  Recently more and more attention has been focused

  on the problem of preserving the environment.

  The fact that a Government Ministry called the

  Department of the Environment has been created

  shows how unimportant the issue is considered to be. 1.__________

  Many other countries have established similar organizations.

  这段文章,所要表达的意思是:人们对环境问题的重视,并成立了环境部,从而意在说明环境这个问题是多么的重要。显而易见,该处的unimportant应该改为具有肯定意义的important。此处错误属于第一种,即反义词的使用错误。

  例2

  In our society all kinds of work are equally important.

  For example, the work of a completely uneducated

  farmer is in some sense more important than that of a

  professor: we can live without education, so we die if we 1. __________

  have no food. This is a simple truth that everybody

  believes. Although no one cleaned our streets and took the 2. __________

  rubbish away from our house, we would get terrible

  diseases in our towns.

  在这段文章,第一处要表达的意思是:农民的工作在某种程度上甚至比教授还重要,这是因为不受教育我们照样能活下去,但是没有食物我们却无法存活。因此应该将so改为but,这样才符合文章的逻辑。第二处错误,咋看似乎是一个让步从句,然而后文却毫无转折之意,其实它是一个条件式虚拟语句,应该将although改为if。这两处错误均属于逻辑表达错误中的第二种,即连接词使用错误。这类错误比较第一种错误来说,重在考查考生对英语语言的应用方面。

  通过例题以及解答不难看出,逻辑错误主要是考查学生对整篇文章的理解,一般不容易第一眼便发现,只有我们读完全文或者上下文之后才可以把握。

  练习题

  1 There are many arguments for and against television.

  The poor quality of its program is often criticized and TV

  commercials are also boring. So television is undoubtedly 1.__________

  a great comfort to many lonely and elderly people.

  2 The manager of a large office building had received

  many complains about elevator service in the building,

  but he engaged a group of engineers to study the situation 2.__________

  and make recommendation for improvement.

  3 We asked a lady, who replied that she thought

  you could tell a well-mannered person by the way

  they occupied the space around them——for example,

  when such a person walks down a street he or she is

  constantly unaware of others. Such people never 3.__________

  bump into other people.

  4 Until the very latest moment of his existence,

  man has been bound the planet on which he

  originated and developed. Now he has the capability

  to leave that planet and move out into the universe to

  those worlds which he has known previously only directly. 4.__________

  5 One major decision which faces the American

  students ready to begin higher education is the

  choice of attending a large university or a small

  college. The large university provides a wide range of

  specialized departments as well as numerous courses

  within such departments. The small college, therefore, 5.__________

  generally provides a limited number of courses

  and specializations but offers a better student-faculty

  ratio, thus permitting individualized attention to students.

  6 Music the Johnny has learned to appreciate as

  unpleasant is just dull noise to Jimmy——and quite 6.__________

  possible, vice versa.

  7 We are learning, finally, that silence is a natural

  resource and must be protected by law. It appears

  that we all find company in sound, if we all 7.__________

  demand a little quiet from time to time.

  8 The farmer aroused at down or before it and

  had much work to do, with his own muscles as his

  chief source of power. He used axes, spades and 8.__________

  other complicated tools.

  9 Whether women who have started a career

  will attain pay equality with men rests on at least

  two factors. First, will most of them continue

  part-time at their jobs after they have children? A 9.__________

  break in their employment, or a decision to work

  part-time, will slow their raises and promotions as

  it would for men.

  10 Whether true or not, the story illustrates the

  problem with idioms. They are almost possible to 10.__________

  understand from the meanings of the individual

  words. And with English idioms, even the same

  words may have different meanings.

  答案解析:

  1.将so改为转折性连词but。虽然前句说电视节目质量遭到批评,并且还有令人讨厌的广告,但是接下来是说对孤寡老人的益处,因此此处表达转折的意思。

  2.将but 改为so。文章并没有表达转折的意思,因为经理收到了许多关于电梯服务的投诉,所以他才做出后面的措施,因此此处应该是因果关系。

  3.将unaware改为aware。根据后文说这样的人从来不会撞到别人便可看出,他们时刻在注意着别人。

  4.将directly改为indirectly。根据前文所说,人类先前并没有进入这些宇宙空间而是现在才具有了这种能力,因此不可能是直接而只可能是间接的了解。

  5.将therefore改为however。根据上文可以看出,此处学院是和大学在做对比,因此是一种转折关系。

  6.将unpleasant改为pleasant。此句意思是说对于Johnny来说pleasant的音乐对Jimmy却完全是噪音,从而显示出两人的不同,从后文vice verse也可看出原句是将两人在进行对比。

  7.将if改为although,though,but或者yet。仔细分析此句会发现,原文其实在表达一种让步或转折关系而非条件关系。该句意思是:尽管我们时常要求一点宁静,却似乎我们都离不开声音。

  8.将and改为or。此处是表示选择,即农民既可以使用斧子,也可以使用铁锹或者其他类似的工具。

  9.将part-time改为full-time。根据后文可知,妇女选择兼职将会减缓她们工资增长以及提升,因此要想获得和男性同样的薪水,将决定于她们应该是否会继续从事全职。

  10.将possible改为impossible。根据后文可知,即使同样的词语意思也是不一样,因此这个问题应该是从单个词语意思来理解习语是个可能的事情。

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