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2001年6月四级考试完形填空真题讲解

发帖者 吴怀唐 On 下午6:56
  2001年6月

  More than forty thousand readers told us that they looked for in close friendships, what they expected 61 friends, what they were willing to give in 62, and how satisfied they were 63 the quality of their friendships. The 64 give little comfort to social critics.

  Friendship 65 to be a unique form of 66 bonding. Unlike marriage or the ties that 67 parents and children, it is not defined or regulated by 68. Unlike other social roles that we are expected to 69—as citizens, employees, members of professional societies and 70 organizations—it has its own principle, which is to promote 71 of warmth, trust, love, and affection 72 two people.

  The survey on friendship appeared in the March 73 of Psychology Today. The findings 74 that issues of trust and betrayal(背叛)are 75 to friendship. They also suggest that our readers do not 76 for friends only among those who are 77 like them, but find many 78 differ in race, religion, and ethnic(种族的)background. Arguably the most important 79 that emerges from the data, 80, is not something that we found—but what we did not.

  61.A.on B. ofC. toD. for

  62.A.addition B. replyC. turnD. return

  63.A.about B. ofC. withD. by

  64.A.results B. effectsC. expectationsD. consequences

  65.A.feels B. leadsC. soundsD. appears

  66.A.human B. mankindC. individualD. civil

  67.A.bind B. attachC. controlD. attract

  68.A.discipline B. lawC. ruleD. regulation

  69.A.keep B. doC. showD. play

  70.A.all B. anyC. otherD. those

  71.A.friendship B. interestsC. feelingsD. impressions

  72.A.between B. onC. inD. for

  73.A.print B. issueC. publicationD. copy

  74.A.secure B. assureC. confirmD. resolve

  75.A.neutral B. mainC. nuclearD. central

  76.A.ask B. callC. appealD. look

  77.A.most B. moreC. leastD. less

  78.A.people B. whoC. whatD. friends

  79.A.conclusion B. summaryC. decisionD. claim

  80.A.moreover B. howeverC. stillD. yet

  【答案】:

  61.B62.D63.C64.C65.D

  66.C67.A68.B69.D

  70.C

  71.C72.A73.B74.C75.D

  76.D77.A78.B

  79.A80.B

  【答案解析】:

  61.B此题考查介词用法。expect sth. of sth.表示从……上期望获得……。因此,选择of。

  62.D此题考查介词词组固定搭配。in return表示“以……作为回报”。从友谊中索取,自然同时要给予回报。

  63.C此题考查介词用法。介词with有时可表达原因,如:I’m trembling with cold.(我冷得发抖。)这里的用法也是异曲同工。

  64.C此题呼应前文。前文中多次提到人们对于友谊的期望,所以这里也要选择expectation。

  65.D此题考查固定搭配。appear to be表示“似乎”;lead to表示“导致……的结果”,其他几个选项无此搭配。所以,选择appear符合题意。

  66.C此题考查上下文理解。译文为:“友谊似乎是人与人之间相互联系的特殊纽带。”表示个人与个人之间,用individual。

  67.A此题考查词汇。ties能发出的动作是bind(绑定),故选A。其他选项的意思分别是:B附着,联系;C.控制;D.吸引。

  68.B此题考查上下文理解。婚姻关系、父母与儿女的关系有一个共同之处:它们都有法律依据,都受到法律保护;而友谊却并非如此。故选law。

  69.D此处考查固定搭配。play the role of表示“扮演……的角色”。因此,选play。

  70.C此题考查上下文理解。作者历数了“市民、职员、职业社团成员”等角色后,还加上“其他的”组织机构。故选C。

  71.C后文提到的warmth(温暖)、trust(信任)、love(爱)和affection(温情)都是feeling(感觉、感受)。因此,选择feelings。

  72.A表示“人与人之间”用between。

  73.B此题考查词义辨析。原文中Psychology指的是一份杂志,作者援用该杂志三月那一期刊登的调查报告来描述友谊。issue指“(杂志或报刊)的期”,故应选此项。

  74.C此题考查词义辨析。四个选项意思分别是:A使……安全;B使确定;C确认;D解决。从文意可判断,选择C。B的用法一般是:assure sb. of sth.或assure sb. that。
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