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英语六级考试改错题训练(六)

发帖者 吴怀唐 On 下午12:35
  四、非谓语动词使用错误

  非谓语动词在六级综合改错里算是一个较为令人头疼的改错类型,它包括不定式、分词、动名词。六级改错中主要出现的是非谓语动词和主要谓语动词之间的混淆,具体分为以下两种情况:

  ① 分词,主要是现在分词和过去分词的误用,如: a puzzled question → a puzzling question ; an exciting girl → an excited girl 等。

  ② 动词非谓语形式做主语、宾语,有时需要 it 作形式主语或形式宾语。如: This is no good arguing with him.(This → it )

  例1

  The idea that learn a foreign language is hard 1.__________

  work is realized by every student.

  分析句子结构可知:the idea是主语;is realized是谓语部分;that引导同位语从句。从句中learn a foreign language是主语,而learn是动词形式,应改为动名词“learning”。

  例2

  From these unearthed bones scientists are able

  to reconstruct the skeleton of the animal and from

  the reconstructing skeleton, they can obtain quite 1.__________

  a good idea of its appearance.

  “reconstructing”表示正在进行的动作,而根据原句可知,“skeleton”本身并不能发出这个动作,而应该为“reconstructed”,意为“the skeleton that is reconstructed”,这是过去分词作为定语。

  例3

  Lighthouses are set up to warn the passed ships 1.__________

  of the dangers along the coast. Ancient people used

  simple fire signal which could only mean “Danger!

  Keep off”.

  “passed ships”表示“已经过去的船只”,当然不可能再给予警告,这不符合逻辑,应该改为passing,意为“过往的船只”,此处现在分词作定语。

  例4

  But modern lighthouse also identifies itself in a

  code knowing to all ships that pass by. Most of the 1.__________

  modern lighthouses have a revolving light that is

  red and then green.

  根据句意可知,这些代码所有的船只都知道,即“a code which is known to all ships”的省略形式,“knowing”表示“正在知道,了解”这个动作过程,显然不符合题意,故应该将knowing改为known。

  非谓语动词的使用错误虽然不外乎不定式、分词(包括现在分词和过去分词)以及动名词三种类型,然而使用起来往往容易混淆,而且也不易区分,所以得分率通常都较低。

  练习题

  1 Judging by today’s standards the techniques applied 1.__________

  to the construction of these ancient palaces are highly

  advanced.

  2 TV has become an essential part of our daily life,

  keeping us informed of the news of the day. Comparing 2.__________

  with other media of information and education, TV is

  almost unrivalled.

  3 The characters being described in this TV play are 3.__________

  very true to life, which may be the reason why it

  touched a nation of audience.

  4 There are a great many places of interest in this

  city. But the major attraction is a recently built

  hotel which resembles a sailing ship when seeing 4.__________

  from a distance. No travelers leave the city without

  visiting it.

  5 The building built now at our school is the new 5.__________

  library.

  6 A lighthouse must be high enough for its light

  to see far away, but if it is too high, it has more 6.__________

  possibility to be destroyed by high wind; so it is

  not always true to say that the higher it is the better.

  7 Consider the great need for improving many 7.__________

  aspects of the global environment, one is surely

  justified in his concern for the money and resources

  that are poured into the space exploration efforts.

  8 The small college, however, generally provides

  a limited number of courses and specializations,

  but offers a better student-faculty radio, thus permit 8.__________

  individualized attention to students.

  9 The way space is used to enable the individual

  to achieve privacy, to build homes or designing 9.__________

  cities is culturally influenced.

  10 But the fourth robber put him quite beside himself

  by approaching him and asked what the dog 10.__________

  cost him.

  答案解析:

  1.本题中应该将Judging改为Judged。该句主语为“the techniques”,其本身不能做出“judging”,而只能是“be judged”,原句的结构实际上是“when it is judged by today’s standards”的省略模式,所以应该将Judging改为Judged。注意首字母要大写。

  2.本题中应该将comparing改为compared。“comparing”表示主语所发出的动作,与其他事物进行比较,而根据句意,是将TV与其他媒体进行,所以应该是被动语态,完整结构是“when it is compared with other media of…”。

  3.本题中应该将being删去。“being+过去分词”表示正在进行的状态,而句子中没有指出是正在发生的动作,而是过去发生的事情(根据后面的动词touched可判断出是过去时),所以应该将being去掉。

  4.本题中应该将seeing改为seen。原句的意思是“宾馆从远处看象一只航行中的船”,其完整结构是“…when it is seen from a distance”,船本身并不能发生“seeing”动作,只能是被动语态,故用seen。

  5.本题中应该在building前加being。此句中有时间副词now,说明是正在进行的动作,故必须在前面加上现在分词being。

  6.本题中应该将see改为be seen。根据句意,“灯塔必须足够高,以使其灯光可以从远处看见”,完整的结构是“…to be seen by ships far away”。

  7.本题中应该将consider改为considering。在此句中,前部分“Consider the great need for improving many aspects of the global environment,”实为条件状语,完整结构为“If one consider… environment,”,其省略形式为将其谓语动词变为现在分词形式。

  8.本题中应该将permit改为permitting。“thus”不是连词而是副词,表示前面事物所造成的结果,后面一般接现在分词,作状语成分。

  9.本题中应该将designing改为design。此句中design承接前面不定式结构,省略介词to,实际上为“to build homes or to design cities”。

  10.本题中应该将asked改为asking。此句中ask动作与approach并列,承接前面介词by,表示“通过……途径来实现”,故应该和前面保持一致,使用现在分词形式。

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