Subscribe to Posts
Subscribe to Comments
字号: | |


发帖者 吴怀唐 On 上午10:52
  Many theories concerning the causes of juvenile delinquency (crimes committed by young people) focus either on the individual or on society as the major contributing influence. Theories ___1___ on the individual suggest that children engage in criminal behavior ___2___ they were not sufficiently penalized for previous misdeeds or that they have learned criminal behavior through ___3___ with others. Theories focusing on the role of society suggest that children commit crimes in ___4___ to their failure to rise above their socioeconomic status, ___5___ as a rejection of middle-class values.

  Most theories of juvenile delinquency have focused on children from disadvantaged families, ___6___ the fact that children from wealthy homes also commit crimes. The latter may commit crimes ___7___ lack of adequate parental control. All theories, however, are tentative and are ___8___ to criticism.

  Changes in the social structure may indirectly ___9___ juvenile crime rates. For example, changes in the economy that ___10___ to fewer job opportunities for youth and rising unemployment ___11___ make gainful employment increasingly difficult to obtain. The resulting discontent may in ___12___ lead more youths into criminal behavior.

  Families have also ___13___ changes these years. More families consist of one parent households or two working parents; ___14___, children are likely to have less supervision at home ___15___ was common in the traditional family ___16___. This lack of parental supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates.

  Other ___17___ causes of offensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increased ___18___ of drugs and alcohol, and the growing ___19___ of child abuse and child neglect. All these conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing a criminal act, ___20___ a direct causal relationship has not yet been established.

  1. [A] acting[B] relying[C] centerin[D] cementing

  2. [A] before[B] unless[C] until[D] because

  3. [A] interaction[B] assimilation[C] cooperation[D] consultation

  4. [A] return[B] reply[C] reference[D] response

  5. [A] or[B] but rather[C] but[D] or else

  6. [A] considering[B] ignoring[C] highlighting[D] discarding

  7. [A] on[B] in[C] for[D] with

  8. [A] immune[B] resistant[C] sensitive[D] subject

  9. [A] affect[B] reduce[C] check[D] reflect

  10. [A] point[B] lead[C] come[D] amount

  11. [A] in general[B] on average[C] by contrast[D] at length

  12. [A] case[B] short[C] turn[D] essence

  13. [A] survived[B] noticed[C] undertaken[D] experienced

  14. [A] contrarily[B] consequently[C] similarly[D] simultaneously

  15. [A] than[B] that[C] which[D] as

  16. [A] system[B] structure[C] concept[D] heritage

  17. [A] assessable[B] identifiable[C] negligible[D] incredible

  18. [A] expense[B] restriction[C] allocation[D] availability

  19. [A] incidence[B] awareness[C] exposure[D] popularity

  20. [A] provided[B] since[C] although[D] supposing


  1.[C] centering on  意为:以…为中心/重点”,act on(按照…行事);rely on(依赖于);comment on(评论、评述)。

  2.[D] because (由于,因为)  引导由or连接着的两个原因状语从句。

  3.[A ]interaction (互动)  assimilation(同化,吸收);cooperation(合作); consultation(咨询)。

  4.[D] response (反应,答复)  “(in) response (to) …”(对……的行为反应)。

  5.[A]or(或者)。空格后as引导的为原因状语,与 in response to 引导的原因状语并列,都是“孩子们犯罪”的原因,用or 连接。

  6.[B] ignoring (忽略,忽视)  considering (考虑);highlighting(强调,突出);discarding(扔掉,抛弃)。

  7.[C] for (因为,由于) for lack of 意为“由于缺少…”, on, in, with均不能和 lack搭配使用。

  8.[D] subject (易遭受到……)。be subjedt to意为“受…支配;遭受…影响”, be immune to(不易受…影响); be resistant to(对…有抵制力)。

  9.[A] affect (影响)。

  10.[B] lead lead to导致, point to(指向); amount to(总数达……)。

  11.[A] in general 一般地,大体上; on average (平均,通常); by contrast (相比而言); at length (最后;详尽地;长久地)。

  12.[C] (in) turn 反过来。本题答案线索是:社会经济变化→青年失业或难找工作→青年的不满情绪→青年的犯罪。这是一个因果关系的链条。in case(以防万一); in short(简言之); in essence(在本质上)。

  13.[D] experienced (经历)   undertaken(承担;从事)。

  14.[B] consequently(结果,因此) contrarily(相反); simultaneously(同时地)。

  15.[A ] than(比)这是比较级“less … than”结构。

  16.[B] structure (结构)。

  17.[B] identifiable (可辨认的;可看作是相同的)。assessable (可评价或评估的); negligible (可以忽略的,不予重视的); incredible ( 难以置信的)。

  18.[D] availability (可获得性、可得到性)  expense(开支,费用);restriction(限制,局限);allocation(分配)。

  19.[A] incidence (发生,影响)。Awareness(意识);exposure(暴露);popularity(流行)。

  20.[C] although (虽然,尽管)。

0 Response to '2009年6月大学英语四级完型填空预测(5)'