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2009年6月大学英语四级翻译备考(1)

发帖者 吴怀唐 On 上午11:02
  把原文中一个单词或短语译成句子,使原文的一个句子分译成两个或两个以上的句子。或干脆把原文的一个句子拆开,译成两个或两个以上的句子。

  例1 八月中旬,修理组人员在骄阳下工作。

  译文: It was in mid-August,and the repair section operated under the blazing sun.(一个单句拆分成了一个并列复合句)

  例2 他为人单纯而坦率。

  译文: He was very clean.His mind was open. (一个单句拆分成两个简单句了)

  例3 The mother might have spoken with understandable pride of her child.

  译文: 母亲谈到她的孩子时,也许有自豪感,这是可以理解的。(形容词被拆开)

  例4 I wrote four books in the first three years ,a record never touched before.

  译文: 我头三年写了四本书,打破了以往的记录。(名词短语拆开)

  1._______________ (通过体育锻炼),we can always stay healthy.

  2.According to the scientific research , _____________ (听音乐能使我们放松).Is this really true?

  3.______________ (我们绝对不能)ignore the value of knowledge.

  4.As is known to all, ______________ (假冒伪劣商品)harm the interests of consumers.

  5.Faced with failure,some people can stand up to it, _____________ (从失败中汲取教训)and try hard to fulfill what they are determined to do.

  1. By taking exercises

  解析:通过锻炼,我们可以保持健康。其实这题答案不止一个。“锻炼”可以用名词也可以用动词短语。“通过”可以用by表示方式,through表示途径。 By taking exercises /Through exercises。往往by用于“by + doing”,而through后接名词哦。

  2. listening to music enables us to feel relaxed

  解析:“听音乐”在句中作主语,“听”应当处理成动名词形式。“能使我们放松”很多同学会采用 can make us feel relaxed的结构。其实,enable就有“能够使某人……”的含义,注意enable sb. to do 的表达。

  3. On no account can we

  解析:本题是强调语气,强调“决不能”,所以联想到on no account ,by no means,at no time,in no case等。不管用哪一个,都要注意它们是含有否定的意味的,因此在置于句首时应使用倒装语序。

  4. fake and inferior commodities

  解析:“假冒伪劣商品”包含两层含义:一是假货,二是次品,在翻译成英文的时候应该注意两层含义的正确译法。“假冒”不能用false而应选择fake,“次品”可以说inferior表示质量差,也可以用commodity of low quality。

  5. draw useful lessons from it

  解析:句意为:面对失败,有的人能够顽强抵抗,从中吸取教训,努力实现他们的目标。本句由三个并列的谓语成分构成,谓语动词分别是stand up to“汲取”和try。“汲取教训”正确表达为draw a lesson from。然而我们又能从全句判断,从失败中吸取教训是为了将来能够更好地实现目标,因此加上修饰语useful,使内容更明确。

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