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发帖者 吴怀唐 On 下午6:58

  A language is a signaling system which operates with symbolic vocal sounds (语声), and which is used by a group of people for the purpose of communication.

  Let’s look at this 61 in more detail because it is language, more than anything else, 62 distinguishes man from the rest of the 63 world.

  Other animals, it is true, communicate with one another by 64 of cries: for example, many birds utter 65 calls at the approach of danger; monkeys utter 66 cries, such as expressions of anger, fear and pleasure. 67 these various means of communication differ in important ways 68 human language. For instance, animals’ cries do not 69 thoughts and feelings clearly. This means, basically, that they lack structure. They lack the kind of structure that 70 us to divide a human utterance into 71.

  We can change an utterance by 72 one word in it with 73: a good illustration of this is a soldier who can say, e.g., “tanks approaching from the north”, 74 who can change one word and say “aircraft approaching from the north” or “tanks approaching from the west”; but a bird has a single alarm cry, 75 means “danger!”

  This is why the number of 76 that an animal can make is very limited: the great tit (山雀) is a case 77 point; it has about twenty different calls, 78 in human language the number of possible utterances is 79. It also explains why animal cries are very 80 in meaning.

  61.A.classification B. definitionC.functionD.perception

  62.A.that B. itC.asD.what

  63.A.native B. humanC. physicalD. animal

  64.A.ways B. meansC. methodsD. approaches

  65.A.mating B. excitingC. warningD. boring

  66.A.identical B. similarC. differentD. unfamiliar

  67.A.But B.ThereforeC. AfterwardsD. Furthermore

  68.A.about B. withC. fromD. in

  69.A.infer B. explainC. interpretD. express

  70.A. encourages B. enablesC. enforcesD. ensures

  71.A.speeches B. soundsC. wordsD.voices

  72.A. replacingB. spellingC. pronouncingD.saying

  73.A.ours B. theirsC. anotherD. others B. andC. butD.or


  76.A.signs B.gesturesC.signalsD.marks B.atC. ofD.for

  78.A.whereas B. sinceC. anyhowD.somehow

  79.A.boundless B. changeableC. limitlessD. ceaseless

  80.A.ordinary B. alikeC. commonD. general







  61.B 此题考查普通词汇。上文给出的明显是语言的定义,因此,答案选definition。

  62.C 此题考查的语法点是定语从句。从空缺前的逗号可以推断出,这是个非限定性定语从句,四个选项中,能作为非限定性定语从句的关系代词的只有as,表达“正如语言将人类和其他物质区分开来的一样。”

  63.C 此题考查上下文理解。语言将人和物质世界的其他物质区分开来。

  64.B 此处考查固定搭配,by means of表示“通过……方式或途径”。因此,选B。

  65.C 此处考查词汇和上下文理解,在危险来临之际,鸟儿们发出的应该是警告声。故选warning。

  66.C 从后文可得知,猴子能通过声音表达愤怒、恐惧和高兴。由此推断可知,猴子发出的叫声应该是不同的。故选C。

  67.A 此处考查介词及上下文理解,作者旨在拿动物发出的声音和人类的语言进行比较。前文叙述动物也能发出不同的声音,这里说的是动物的交流方式与人类语言在几个重大的方面是不同,前后文为转折关系。故选but。

  68.C 此处考查固定搭配:differ from(与……不同)。

  69.D infer表示“推断”,explain指“解释”,interpret表示“解释、说明”。这里选express(表达)最符合文意。

  70.B 见71题。

  71.C 这两题放在一起来分析。原文意思应是:“人类拥有能把话语细分成单词的某种结构,而动物却没有。”70题的encourage(勇敢),enforce(强迫),ensure(保证)都不符合题意。而71题,比话语更小的单位应该是words。故此题选C。

  72.A 此题考查上下文理解

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