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2009年6月英语四级语法备战-时态篇(现在完成时)

发帖者 吴怀唐 On 下午2:49
  时态学习

  谓语动词构成:I/we/you/they have worked; he/she/it has worked

  (1) 表示过去某一时刻发生,且延续到现在的动作或状态,这种情况常与表示一段的时间状语连用

  We have lived here since last October. 自从去年十月份我们就一直住在这儿。

  She has studied English for 5 years. 她学英语已有5年之久

  (2) 表示某个已经发生且对现在造成影响或结果的动作,这种情况常不与任何时间状语连用

  I'm sorry I have lost my key. I can't open the door.

  对不起,我把钥匙弄丢了.门开不了了.

  She has left. If you want to see her, you'll have to come tomorrow.

  她已经走了.如果你想见她的话,你得明天再来一趟.

  专项练习

  一、单项选择

  1、Both his parents look sad . Maybe they _________what's happened to him .(呼和浩特)

  A. knew B. have known C. must know D.will know

  2、He has _______ been to Shanghai , has he ?

  A. already B.never C.ever D. still

  3、Have you met Mr Li ______?

  A. just B. ago C.before D. a moment ago

  4、The famous writer _____ one new book in the past two year .

  A. is writing B.was writing C.wrote D.has written

  5、—Our country ______ a lot so far .

  —Yes . I hope it will be even ______ .

  A. has changed ; well B. changed ; good

  C. has changed ; better D. changed ; better

  6、Zhao Lan ______already ______in this school for two years .

  A. was ; studying B. will ; study

  C. has ; studied D. are ; studying

  7、We ______ Xiao Li since she was a little girl .

  A. know B. had known C. have known D. knew

  8、Harry Potter is a very nice film .I_______ it twice .

  A. will see B. have seen C. saw D.see

  9、—These farmers have been to the United States .

  —Really ? When _____ there ?

  A. will they go B. did they go

  C. do they go D. have they gone

  10、—______ you ___ your homework yet ?

  —Yes . I _____ it a moment ago .

  A. Did ; do ; finished B. Have ; done ; finished

  C. Have ; done ; have finished D. will ; do ; finish

  11、 His father ______ the Party since 1978 .

  A. joined B. has joined C. was in D. has been in

  12、—Do you know him well ?

  — Sure .We _________ friends since ten years ago .

  A. were B. have been C. have become D. have made

  13、—How long have you ____ here ?

  —About two months .

  A. been B. gone C. come D. arrived

  14、Hurry up! The play __________ for ten minutes .

  A. has begun B. had begun

  C. has been on D. began

  15、 It _____ ten years since he left the army .

  A. is B. has C. will D. was

  16、 Miss Green isn't in the office . she_______ to the library .

  A.has gone B. went C.will go D. has been

  17、My parents ______ Shandong for ten years .

  A. have been in B. have been to

  C. have gone to D. have been

  18、The students have cleaned the classroom, ?

  A. so they B. don’t they C. have they D. haven’t they

  19、 has Mr White been a member of Greener China since he to China?

  A. How soon, comes B. How often, got

  C. How long, came D. How far, arrived

  20、 His uncle for more than 9 years.

  A. has come here B. has started to work

  C. has lived there D. has left the university

  二、句型转换

  1、He has never surfed, ?(改成反意疑问句)

  2、They have been here since 2000. (对划线部分提问)

  have they been here?

  3、The old man _________ last year. He for a year. (die) (动词填空)

  4、This factory opened twenty years ago.(同义句转换)

  This factory ________ for twenty years.

  5、Miss Gao left an hour ago. (同义句转换)

  Miss Gao ________ _______ ________ ________ an hour ago.

  6、Her mother has been a Party member for three years .(同义句)

  Her mother _______ the Party three years ________ .

  7、The Green Family moved to France two years ago. (同义句转换)

  _______ two years ________ the Green family moved to France.

  8、The bus has arrived here. It arrived ten minutes ago. (把两个句子合并成一个句子)

  三、汉译英

  1、 吉姆已做完作业,他现在有空了。

  2、 他昨天收到一封信。

  3、 我父亲以前到过长城。

  4、 她还没有看过那部新电影。

  5、 她去过上海。

  6、 他这些天上哪儿去了?

  答案

  一、单项选择

  1、现在完成时主要强调过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响,或过去发生的动作还未结束,一直持续到现在或将来,重点在于对现在的影响。这种考查难度较大,往往无时间状语,需要从上下文分析、推理才行。故上两侧根据上下文分析、推理,正确答案是B。

  2、现在完成时常与already(已经),just(刚刚,正好),ever(曾经),never(从来,也不;从不),before(以前),yet(仍然)等连用。故2应选B。

  3、C

  4、现在完成时常与recently(近来),so far(到目前为止),in the past/“last + 一段时间”等时间状语连用。因为上述短语表示的是从现在起往前推算的一段时间,句中的动作是从过去某一时间或时刻开始持续到现在的。故4应选D。

  5、C

  6、现在完成时时常与“for +时间段或since +过去时间点”连用(含从句,从句过去时)。故6应选C。

  7、C

  8、现在完成时还与once(一次),twice(两次),three times(三次),several times(几次)等表示重复次数的词语连用。故8应选B。

  9、现在完成时与一般过去时容易混淆,就是因为它们所表示的动作都发生在过去,但二者又有区别:一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的事、存在的状态或经常发生的动作,说话的侧重点在于陈述一件过去的事情,与现在没有关系;现在完成时表示与现在有关系的发生在过去的动作,它不与表示过去的时间状语(如yesterday , last week , a moment ago等)连用。故9的正确答案为B。

  10、B

  11、现在完成时中,非延续性动词不能与for和since引导的表示一段时间的状语连用,通常是用相应的延续性动词来代替。故11的正确答案依次为:D。

  12、B 13、A 14、C 15、A。

  16、“have/has gone to + 地点”表示“某人去了某地(还未回来)”,指主语所指的人不在这儿。“have/has been in + 地点”表示“在某地呆了多长时间”,常与表示时间的状语连用。“have/has been to +地点”表示“曾经去过某地(但现在已不在那儿)。”故16的正确答案为A。

  17、A 18、D 19、C 20、C

  二、句型转换

  1、has he? 2、How long 3、died, has been dead

  4、has been open 5、has been away 6、joined;ago

  7、It is, since 8、The bus has been here for ten minutes.

  三、汉译英

  1、Jim has finished doing his homework already. He is free now.

  2、He received a letter yesterday.

  3、My father has been to the Great Wall before.

  4、She hasn't seen the new film yet.

  5、She has been to Shanghai.

  6、Where has he been these days?
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