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2003年12月四级考试(B卷)参考答案

发帖者 吴怀唐 On 下午1:39

(红色部分为答案)
    
Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what  was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

Example: You will hear:

You will read:

A) At the office.B) In the waiting room. C) At the airport.D) In a restaurant.

From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This conversation is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore, A) "At the office" is the best answer. You should choose [A] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.

Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]

    1.A)The man could come some time later.
        B)The size the man wants will arrive soon.
        C)The size of the skirt is ail right for the man.
        D)The man could buy a shirt of a different color.

    2.A)The woman is filming the lake. 
        B)The woman is running toward the lake.
        C)The woman can't take a photo of the man. 
        D)The woman is watching an exciting film with the man.

    3.A)It's quiet in the restaurant.
        B)The restaurant is too far from their school.
        C)The price is high in the restaurant.
        D)The restaurant serves good food.

    4.A)On a busy street.
        B)In a Hong Kong hotel.
        C) At an airport.
        D) At a booking office.

    5.A)The woman should confirm her appointment with the doctor.
        B)The woman should have seen the doctor earlier.
        C)The woman's headache will go away by itself.
        D)The woman has been complaining too much.

    6.A)Put off his appointment with Mr. Johnson.
        B)Help move things to Mr. Johnson's office.
        C)Help the woman move the items.
        D)Hurry to Mr. Johnson's office.

    7.A)The man didn't practice hard enough.
        B)The man should find a new partner.
        C)The man should not give up.
        D)The man should not dream of being a superstar.

    8.A) It doesn't appeal to her.
        B)It's incredibly delicious.
 
        C)She has already tasted it.
        D)There is no more left.

    9.A)The man is a diligent student.
        B)The man has bad study habits.
        C)The man has made a mess of his midterm exam.
        D)The man is usually the last to hand in his test paper.

    10.A)The man has finished Ms assignment.
        B)The man is willing to help the woman.
        C)The man will drive the woman to school.
        D)he man is losing patience with the woman.

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

    Passage One

    Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

    11.A)The importance of good manners.
        B)The art of saying thank you.
        C)The secret of staying pretty.
        D)The difference between elegance and good manners.

    12.A)They were willing to spend more money on clothes.
        B)They paid more attention to their appearance.
        C)They were more aware of changes in fashion.
        D)They were nicer and gentler.

    13.A)By putting on a little make-up.
        B)By decorating our homes.
        C)By being kind and generous.
        D)By wearing fashionable clothes.

    Passage Two

    Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.

    14.A)Children don't get enough education in safety.
        B)The playgrounds are in poor condition.
        C) The playgrounds are overcrowded.
        D)Children are keen on dangerous games.

    15.A)They should help maintain the equipment.
        B)They should teach their children how to use the equipment.
        C)They should stop their children from climbing ladders.
        D)They should keep a watchful eye on their children.

    16.A)They can be creative when they feel secure.
        B)They may panic in front of high playground equipment. 
        C)They should be aware of the potential risks in the playground.
        D)They tend to stay within shouting or running distance of their parents.

    Passage Three

    Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

    17.A) It's admired worldwide. B) It takes skill. C) It pays well. D) It's a full-time job.

    18.A) An old lady carrying a handbag on the left. B)A mother with a baby in her arms.
         C)A woman whose bag is hanging in front. D) A lone female with a handbag at her right side.

    19.A) A side pocket of his jacket. B) The top pocket of his jacket.
        C)A side pocket of his trousers.D) The back pocket of his tight trousers.

    20.A) Clothing stores where people are relaxed and off guard.
        B)Hotels and restaurants in southeast London.
        C)Airports where people carry a lot of luggage.
        D)Theater lobbies with uniformed security guards.

    Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

    Passage One

    Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

    21.According to the passage, before taking a job, a person should.

    A)give his boss a good impression B) ask for as much money as he can
    C)ask for the salary he hopes to get D) demonstrate his capability

    22. What Can be inferred from Beth's story?

    A)If people want what they deserve, they have to ask for it.
    B)People should be careful when negotiating for a job.
    C)People should not be content with what they have got.
    D)Prejudice against women still exists in some organizations.

    23. We can learn from the passage that .

    A) one should avoid overstating one's performance B) unfairness exists in salary increases
    C) most people are overworked and underpaid D) most organizations give their staff automatic pay raises

    24. To get a pay raise, a person should .

    A)be something to impress his boss just before merit pay decisions
    B)try to get inside information about the organization
    C)persuade his boss to sign a long-term contract
    D)advertise himself on the job market

    25. To be successful in negotiations, one must .

    A)be familiar with what the boss likes and dislikes
    B)meet his boss at the appropriate time
    C)arrive at the negotiation table punctually
    D)be good at influencing the outcome of the interaction

    Passage Two

    Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

    26. After the tragedy caused by Hurricane Hugo, new houses built along South Carolina's shoreline are required .

    A)to look smarter in design B) to be designed in the shape of cubes
    C)to meet stricter building standards D) to be easily reinforced

    27. The award-winning beach house is quite strong because .

    A)it is made of redwood B) it is in the shape of a shell
    C)is strengthened by steel rods D) it is built with timber and concrete

    28. Huff raised the house 2.7 meters off the ground on timber pilings in order to

    A)anchor stronger pilings deep in the sand B) prevent water from rushing into the house
    C)withstand peak winds of about 200 km/hr D) break huge sea waves into smaller ones

    29. The main function of the shell is .

    A) to slow down the speed of the swelling water B) to protect the wooden frame of the house
    C) to strengthen the pilings of the house D) to give the house a better appearance

    30. It can be inferred from the passage that the shell should be .

    A) easily breakable B) extremely strong C) waterproof D) fancy-looking

    Passage Three

    Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

    3l.The author thinks that the conclusions of any research about people's state of mind are.

    A) illogical B) questionable C) surprising D) confusing

    32. What does the author mean when he says, "we can't turn the clock back" (Line 1, Para. 3)?

    A) It's impossible to forget the past.
    B) It's impossible to slow down the pace of change.
    C) Lessons learned from the past should not be forgotten.
    D) The social reality children are facing cannot be changed.

    33. According to an analysis, compared with normal children today, children treated as mentally ill 50 years ago .

    A) probably suffered less from anxiety B) were less isolated physically
    C) were probably less self-centered D) were considered less individualistic

    34. The first and most important thing parents should do to help their children is .

    A) to lower their expectations for them B) to get them more involved socially
    C) to set a good model for them to follow D) to provide them with a safer environment

    35. What conclusion can be drawn from the passage?

    A)Children's anxiety can be eliminated with more parental care.
    B)Children's anxiety has been enormously exaggerated.
    C)Anxiety, though unavoidable, can be coped with.
    D)Anxiety, if properly controlled, may help children become mature.

    Passage Four

    Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.

    36. The trend toward casual dining has resulted in .

    A) shrinking of the pottery industry B) restructuring of large enterprises
    C) economic recession in Great Britain D) bankruptcy of fine china manufacturers

    37. Which of the following may be the best reason for casual dining?

    A)Young people won't follow the etiquette of the older generation.
    B)People want to practice economy in times of scarcity.
    C)Busy schedules leave people no time for formality.
    D)Family members need more time to relax.

    38. It can be learned from the passage that Royal Doulton is .

    A) a retailer of stainless steel tableware B) producer of fine china
    C) a dealer in stoneware D) a pottery chain store

    39. The main cause of the layoffs in the pottery industry is .

    A) the change in people's way of life B) the increased value of the pound
    C) the economic recession in Asia D) the fierce competition at home and abroad

    40. Refined table manners, though less popular than before in current social life,

    A) are bound to return sooner or later B) are still being taught by parents at home
    C) can help improve personal relationships D) are still a must on certain occasions

    Part III Vocabulary (20 minutes)

    41.A) only if B) if only C) much as D) as much

    42.A) miss B) slide C) drop D) escape

    43.A) fault B) distress C) offense D) obstacle

    44.A) come out B) come round C) come along D) come on

    45.A) considerate B) considerable C) careful D) concerned

    46.A) regulating B) considerable C) careful D) concerned

    47.A) in spite of B) interrupting C) other than D) rather than

    48.A) smooth B) solid C) harsh D) rigid

    49.A) backs B) grants C) abandons D) changes

    50.A) bring up B) spring up C) strike up D) build up

    51.A) provide B) persist C) assist D) arouse

    52.A) issues B) matters C) occasions D) incidents

    53.A) prior B) premature C) past D) pioneer

    54.A) bring around B) bring up C) bring about D) bring out

    55.A) route B) manner C) vision D) transmission

    56.A) resort B) contact C) path D) access

    57.A) prevailing B) governing C) ruling D) blowing

    58.A) for B) since C) as if D) even though

    59.A) heroic B) specific C) dynamic D) diplomatic

    60.A) stretch B) squeeze C) leap D) press

    61.A) set off B) set out C) set back D) set aside

    62.A) disposed B) discarded C) discouraged D) disappeared

    63.A) rescue B) regain C) recover D) intensive

    64.A) joint B) overall C) decisive D) intensive

    65.A) fashions B) fantasies C) expectations D) preferences

    66.A) sensible B) sensitive C) flexible D) objective

    67.A) as B) so C) what D) that

    68.A) cracked B) broke C) burst D) split

    69.A) exhibit B) exhaust C) exploit D) expose

    70.A) editorial B) edition C) abstract D) article

    Part IV Cloze (15 minutes)

    71. A) very B) right C) usual D) exact

    72. A) experts B) schools C) officials D) parents

    73. A) Then B) Also C) Even D) However

    74. A) duty B) puzzle C) confusion D) fatigue

    75. A) there B) it C) they D) we

    76. A) by B) via C) under D) for

    77. A) questions B) rules C) answers D) standards

    78. A) off B)from C) without D) beyond

    79. A) piece B) other C) page D) single

    80. A) cut B) short C) lack D) drop

    81. A) reach B) earn C) acquire D)gather

    82. A)mistakes B) exercises C) tests D) defects

    83. A) unusual B) perfect C) better D) complete

    84. A) forget B) miss C) ignore D) refuse

    85. A) prepare B) perform C) make D) have

    86. A) classes B) grades C) terms D) groups

    87. A) much B) about C) no D) few

    88. A) merely B) rarely C) previously D) consistently

    89. A) out B) up C) with D) in

    90. A) reducing B) lowering C) declining D) finishing

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