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2001年1月大学英语六级考试真题和答案

发帖者 吴怀唐 On 下午3:16

20011月试卷

Part I                                Listening Comprehension                      (20 minutes)

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

 

Example:    You will hear:

                  You will read:

A) 2 hours.

B) 3 hours.

C) 4 hours.

D) 5 hours.

From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they will start at 9 o’clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D) “5 hours” is the correct answer. You should choose [D] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center.

Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]

1.   A) The woman never travels by plane.

      B) Both speakers feel nervous when flying.

      C) The man thinks travelling by air is quite safe.

      D) The speakers feel sad about the serious loss of life.

2.   A) In an office.

      B) In a restaurant.

      C) At a railway station.

      D) At the information desk.

3.   A) Fix the shelf.

      B) Paint the shelf.

      C) Write the letter.

      D) Look for the pen.

4.   A) It is run by Mrs. Winter’s husband.

      B) It hires Mrs. Winter as an adviser.

      C) It gives a 30% discount to all customers.

      D) It encourages husbands to shop on their own.

5.   A) Too tight a hat.

      B) Lack of sleep.

      C) Long working hours.

      D) Long exposure to the sun.

6.   A) He doesn’t like the way Americans speak.

      B) He speaks English as if he were a native speaker.

      C) His English is still poor after ten years in America.

      D) He doesn’t mind speaking English with an accent.

7.   A) An electrician.

      B) A carpenter.

      C) An auto mechanic.

      D) A telephone repairman.

8.   A) They both enjoyed watching the game.

      B) They both felt good about the results of the game.

      C) People were surprised at their winning the game.

      D) The man thought the results were beyond their expectations.

9.   A) Salesman and customer.

      B) Manager and employee.

      C) Professor and student.

      D) Guide and tourist.

10.  A) Tom will keep the surprise party a secret.

      B) Tom didn’t make any promise to Lucy.

      C) Tom has arranged a surprise party for Lucy.

      D) Tom and Lucy have no secrets from each other.

 

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered form S1 to S7 with the exact words you have just heard: For blanks numbered from S8 to S10 you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

 

Compound Dictation

        The human body is a remarkable food processor. As an adult, you may consumer (S1) ___________ a ton of food per year and still not gain or lose a pound of body weight. You are (S2) ______________ harnessing and consuming energy through the intricate (S3) ______________ of your body in order to remain in energy balance. to (S4) ________________ a given body weight, your energy input must balance your energy output. However, sometimes the (S5) _____________ energy balance is upset, and your (S6) ___________________ body weight will either fall or (S7) ______________.

        The term body image refers to the mental image we have of our won physical appearance, and (S8) _______________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

Research has revealed that about 40 percent of adult men and 55 percent of adult women are dissatisfied with their current body weight (S9) _______________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

At the college level, a study found that 85 percent of both male and female first-year students desired to change their body weight. (S10) ______________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

Thinness is currently an attribute that females desire highly. Males generally desire muscularity. The vast majority of individuals who want to change their body weight do it for the sake of appearance; most want to lose excess body fat while a smaller percentage of individuals actually want to gain weight.

 

Part II                               Reading Comprehension                        (35 minutes)

Direction:      There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B) C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

 

Passage One

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

 

      Birds that are literally half-asleep—with one brain hemisphere alert and the other sleeping—control which side of the brain remains awake, according to a new study of sleeping ducks.

      Earlier studies have documented half-brain sleep in a wide range of birds. The brain hemispheres take turns sinking into the sleep stage characterized by slow brain waves. The eye controlled by the sleeping hemisphere keeps shut, while the wakeful hemisphere’s eye stays open and alert. Birds also can sleep with both hemispheres resting at once.

      Earlier studies have documented half-brain sleep in a wide range of birds. The brain hemispheres take turns sinking into the sleep stage characterized by slow brain waves. The eye controlled by the sleeping hemisphere keeps shut, while the wakeful hemisphere’s eye stays open and alert. Birds also can sleep with both hemispheres resting at once.

      Decades of studies of bird flocks led researchers to predict extra alertness in the more vulnerable, end-of-the-row sleepers, Sure enough, the end birds tended to watch carefully on the side away from their companions. Ducks in the inner spots showed no preference for gaze direction.

      Also, birds dozing(打盹)at the end of the line resorted to single-hemisphere sleep, rather than total relaxation, more often than inner ducks did. Rotating 16 birds through the positions in a four-duck row, the researchers found outer birds half-asleep during some 32 percent of dozing time versus about 12 percent for birds in internal spots.

      “We believe this is the first evidence for an animal behaviorally controlling sleep and wakefulness simultaneously in different regions of the brain,” the researchers say.

      The results provide the best evidence for a long-standing supposition that single-hemisphere sleep evolved as creatures scanned for enemies. The preference for opening an eye on the lookout side could be widespread, he predicts. He’s seen it in a pair of birds dozing side-by-side in the zoo and in a single pet bird sleeping by mirror. The mirror-side eye closed as if the reflection were a companion and the other eye stayed open.

      Useful as half-sleeping might be, it’s only been found in birds and such water mammals(哺乳动物)as dolphins, whales, and seals. Perhaps keeping one side of the brain awake allows a sleeping animal to surface occasionally to avoid drowning.

      Studies of birds may offer unique insights into sleep. Jerome M. Siegel of the UGLA says he wonders if birds’ half-brain sleep “is just the tip of the iceberg(冰山)”. He speculates that more examples may turn up when we take a closer look at other species.

11.  A new study on birds’ sleep has revealed that ____________.

       A) birds can control their half-brain sleep consciously

       B) birds seldom sleep with the whole of their brain at rest

       C) half-brain sleep is found in a wide variety of birds

       D) half-brain sleep is characterized by slow brain waves

12.   According to the passage, birds often half sleep because ______________.

       A) they have to constantly keep an eye on their companions

       B) the two halves of their brain are differently structured

       C) they have to watch out for possible attacks

       D) their brain hemisphere take turns to rest

13.   The example of a bird sleeping in front of a mirror indicates that _____________.

       A) birds prefer to sleep in pairs for the sake of security

       B) the phenomenon of birds dozing in pairs is widespread

       C) a single pet bird enjoys seeing its own reflection in the mirror

       D) even an imagined companion gives the bird a sense of security

14.   While sleeping, some water mammals tend to keep half awake in order to __________.

       A) avoid being swept away by rapid currents

       B) emerge from water now and then to breathe

       C) alert themselves to the approaching enemy

       D) be sensitive to the ever-changing environment

15.   By “just the tip of the iceberg” (Line 2, Para.8), Siegel suggests that ____________.

       A) half-brain sleep is a phenomenon that could exist among other species

       B) most birds living in cold regions tend to be half sleepers

       C) the mystery of half-brain sleep is close to being solved

       D) half-brain sleep has something to do with icy weather

 

Passage Two

Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:

 

      A nine-year-old schoolgirl single-handedly cooks up a science-fair experiment that ends up debunking(揭穿...的真相)a widely practiced medical treatment. Emily Rosa’s target was a practice known as therapeutic(治疗)touch (TT for short), whose advocates manipulate patients’ “energy field” to make them feel better and even, say some, to cure them of various ills. Yet Emily’s test shows that these energy fields can’t be detected, even by trained TT practitioners(行医者). Obviously mindful of the publicity value of the situation, Journal editor George Lundberg appeared on TV to declare, “Age doesn’t matter. It’s good science that matters, and this is good science.”

      Emily’s mother Linda Rosa, a registered nurse, has been campaigning against TT for nearly a decade. Linda first thought about TT in the late ’80s, when she learned it was on the approved list for continuing nursing education in Colorado. Its 100,000 trained practitioners (48,000 in the U.S.) don’t even touch their patients. Instead, they waved their hands a few inches from the patient’s body, pushing energy fields around until they’re in “balance.” TT advocates say these manipulations can help heal wounds, relieve pain and reduce fever. The claims are taken seriously enough that TT therapists are frequently hired by leading hospitals, at up to $70 an hour, the smooth patients’ energy, sometimes during surgery.

      Yet Rosa could not find any evidence that it works. To provide such proof, TT therapists would have to sit down for independent testing—something they haven’t been eager to do, even though James Randi has offered more than $1 million to anyone who can demonstrate the existence of a human energy field. (He’s had one taker so far. She failed.) A skeptic might conclude that TT practitioners are afraid to lay their beliefs on the line. But who could turn down an innocent fourth-grader? Says Emily: “I think they didn’t take me very seriously because I’m a kid.”

      The experiment was straightforward: 21 TT therapists stuck their hands, palms up, through a screen. Emily held her own hand over one of theirs—left or right—and the practitioners had to say which hand it was. When the results were recorded, they’d done no better than they would have by simply guessing. if there was an energy field, they couldn’t feel it.

16.   Which of the following is evidence that TT is widely practiced?

       A) TT has been in existence for decades.

       B) Many patients were cured by therapeutic touch.

       C) TT therapists are often employed by leading hospitals.

       D) More than 100,000 people are undergoing TT treatment.

17.   Very few TT practitioners responded to the $1 million offer because ____________.

       A) they didn’t take the offer seriously

       B) they didn’t want to risk their career

       C) they were unwilling to reveal their secret

       D) they thought it was not in line with their practice

18.   The purpose of Emily Rosa’s experiment was ____________.

       A) to see why TT could work the way it did

       B) to find out how TT cured patient’s illness

       C) to test whether she could sense the human energy field

       D) to test whether a human energy field really existed

19.   Why did some TT practitioners agree to be the subjects of Emily’s experiment?

       A) It involved nothing more than mere guessing.

       B) They thought it was going to be a lot of fun.

       C) It was more straightforward than other experiments.

       D) They sensed no harm in a little girl’s experiment.

20.   What can we learn from the passage?

       A) Some widely accepted beliefs can be deceiving.

       B) Solid evidence weighs more than pure theories.

       C) Little children can be as clever as trained TT practitioners.

       D) The principle of TT is too profound to understand.

 

Passage Three

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:

 

      What might driving on an automated highway be like? The answer depends on what kind of system is ultimately adopted. Two distinct types are on the drawing board. The first is a special—purpose lane system, in which certain lanes are reserved for automated vehicles. The second is a mixed traffic system: fully automated vehicles would share the road with partially automated or manually driven cars. A special-purpose land system would require more extensive physical modifications to existing highways, but it promises the greatest gains in freeway(高速公路)capacity.

      Under either scheme, the driver would specify the desired destination, furnishing this information to a computer in the car at the beginning of the trip or perhaps just before reaching the automated highway. If a mixed traffic system was in place, automated driving could begin whenever the driver was on suitably equipped roads. If special-purpose lanes were available, the car could enter them and join existing traffic in two different ways. One method would use a special onramp(入口引道). As the driver approached the point of entry for the highway, devices installed on the roadside would electronically check the vehicle to determine its destination and to ascertain that it had the proper automation equipment in good working order. Assuming it passed such tests, the driver would then be guided through a gate and toward an automated lane. In this case, the transition from manual to automated control would take place on the entrance ramp. An alternative technique could employ conventional lanes, which would be shared by automated and regular vehicles. The driver would steer onto the highway and move in normal fashion to a “transition” lane. The vehicle would then shift under computer control onto a lane reserved for automated traffic. (The limitation of these lanes to automated traffic would, presumably, be well respected, because all trespassers(非法进入者)could be swiftly identified by authorities.)

      Either approach to joining, a lane of automated traffic would harmonize the movement of newly entering vehicles with those already traveling. Automatic control here should allow for smooth merging, without the usual uncertainties and potential for accidents. and once a vehicle had settled into automated travel, the drive would be free to release the wheel, open the morning paper or just relax.

21.   We learn from the first paragraph that two systems of automated highways __________.

       A) are being planned

       B) are being modified

       C) are now in wide use

       D) are under construction

22.   A special-purpose lane system is probably advantageous in that ________________.

       A) it would require only minor changes to existing highways

       B) it would achieve the greatest highway traffic efficiency

       C) it has a lane for both automated and partially automated vehicles

       D) it offers more lanes for automated vehicles

23.   Which of the following is true about driving on an automated highway?

A) Vehicles traveling on it are assigned different lanes according to their destinations.

       B) A car can join existing traffic any time in a mixed lane system.

C) The driver should inform his car computer of his destination before driving onto it.

       D) The driver should share the automated lane with those of regular vehicles.

24.   We know form the passage that a car can enter a special-purpose lane __________.

       A) by smoothly merging with cars on the conventional lane

       B) by way of a ramp with electronic control devices

       C) through a specially guarded gate

       D) after all trespassers are identified and removed

25.   When driving in an automated lane, the driver ___________.

       A) should harmonize with newly entering cars

       B) doesn’t have to rely on his computer system

       C) should watch out for potential accidents

       D) doesn’t have to hold not to the steering wheel

 

Passage Four

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

 

      Taking charge of yourself involves putting to rest some very prevalent myths. At the top of the list is the notion that intelligence is measured by your ability to solve complex problems; to read, write and compute at certain levels, and to resolve abstract equations quickly. This vision of intelligence asserts formal education and bookish excellence as the true measures of self-fulfillment. It encourages a kind of intellectual prejudice that has brought with it some discouraging results. We have come to believe that someone who has more educational merit badges, who is very good at some form of school discipline is “intelligent.” Yet mental hospitals are filled with patients who have all of the properly lettered certificates. A truer indicator of intelligence is an effective, happy life lived each day and each present moment of every day.

      If you are happy, if you live each moment for everything it’s worth, then you are an intelligent person. Problem solving is a useful help to your happiness, but if you know that given your inability to resolve a particular concern you can still choose happiness for yourself, or at a minimum refuse to choose unhappiness, then you are intelligent. You are intelligent because you have the ultimate weapon against the big N. B. D—Nervous Break Down.

      “Intelligent” people do not have N. B. D.’s because they are in charge of themselves. They know how to choose happiness over depression, because they know how to deal with the problems of their lives. You can begin to think of yourself as truly intelligent on the basis of how you choose to feel in the face of trying circumstances. The life struggles are pretty much the same for each of us. Everyone who is involved with other human beings in any social context has similar difficulties. Disagreements, conflicts and compromises are a part of what it means to be human. Similarly, money, growing old, sickness, deaths, natural disasters and accidents are all events which present problems to virtually all human beings. But some people are able to make it, to avoid immobilizing depression and unhappiness despite such occurrences, while others collapse or have an N. B. D. Those who recognize problems as a human condition and don’t measure happiness by an absence of problems are the most intelligent kind of humans we know; also, the most rare.

26.   According to the author, the conventional notion of intelligence measured in terms of one’s ability to read, write and compute _____________.

       A) is a widely held but wrong concept

       B) will help eliminate intellectual prejudice

       C) is the root of all mental distress

       D) will contribute to one’s self-fulfillment

27.   It is implied in the passage that holding a university degree _____________.

       A) may result in one’s inability to solve complex real-life problems

       B) does not indicate one’s ability to write properly worded documents

       C) may make one mentally sick and physically weak

       D) does not mean that one is highly intelligent

28.   The author thinks that an intelligent person knows _____________.

       A) how to put up with some very prevalent myths

       B) how to find the best way to achieve success in life

       C) how to avoid depression and make his life worthwhile

       D) how to persuade others to compromise

29.   In the last paragraph, the author tells us that _____________.

       A) difficulties are but part of everyone’s life

       B) depression and unhappiness are unavoidable in life

       C) everybody should learn to avoid trying circumstances

       D) good feelings can contribute to eventual academic excellence

30.   According to the passage, what kind of people are rare?

       A) Those who don’t emphasize bookish excellence in their pursuit of happiness.

       B) Those who are aware of difficulties in life but know how to avoid unhappiness.

C) Those who measure happiness by an absence of problems but seldom suffer form N. B. D.’s.

D) Those who are able to secure happiness though having to struggle against trying circumstances.

 

Part III                             Vocabulary and Structure                      (20 minutes)

Directions:  There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

 

31.  Starting with the ______________ that there is life on the planet Mars, the scientist went on to develop his argument.

      A) premise                                               B) pretext

      C) foundation                                           D) presentation

32.  After several nuclear disasters, a __________ has raged over the safety of nuclear energy.

      A) quarrel                                                B) suspicion

      C) verdict                                                 D) controversy

33.  Their diplomatic principles completely laid bare their ____________ for world conquest.

      A) admiration                                           B) ambition

      C) administration                                      D) orientation

34.  The director gave me his ___________ that he would double my pay if I did my job well.

      A) warrant                                                B) obligation

      C) assurance                                             D) certainty

35.  The Christmas tree was decorated with shining _____________ such as colored lights and glass balls.

      A) ornaments                                            B) luxuries

      C) exhibits                                                D) complements

36.  The two most important ______________ in making a cake are flour and sugar.

      A) elements                                              B) components

      C) ingredients                                           D) constituents

37.  Cultural _______________ indicates that human beings hand their languages down form one generation to another.

      A) translation                                            B) transition

      C) transmission                                         D) transaction

38.  We must look beyond ___________ and assumptions and try to discover what is missing.

      A) justifications                                        B) illusions

      C) manifestations                                      D) specifications

39.  No one imagined that the apparently _____________ businessman was really a criminal.

      A) respective                                            B) respectable

      C) respectful                                             D) realistic

40.  If nothing is done to protect the environment, millions of species that are alive today will have become _______________.

      A) deteriorated                                          B) degenerated

      C) suppressed                                            D) extinct

41.  The _________of the scientific attitude is that the human mind can succeed in understanding the universe.

      A) essence                                                B) content

      C) texture                                                 D) threshold

42.  The old lady has developed a ______________ cough which cannot be cured completely in a short time.

      A) perpetual                                             B) permanent

      C) chronic                                                D) sustained

43.  What the correspondent sent us is an _____________ news report. We can depend on it.

      A) evident                                                B) authentic

      C) ultimate                                               D) immediate

44.  Having had her as a professor and adviser, I can tell you that she is an __________ force who pushes her students to excel far beyond their own expectations.

      A) inspirational                                         B) educational

      C) excessive                                              D) instantaneous

45.  Some researchers feel that certain people have nervous systems particularly ___________ to hot, dry winds. They are what we call weather-sensitive people.

      A) subjective                                            B) subordinate

      C) liable                                                   D) vulnerable

46.  Hurricanes are killer winds, and their ____________ power lies in the physical damage they can do.

      A) cumulative                                           B) destructive

      C) turbulent                                              D) prevalent

47.  In some countries, students are expected to be quiet and ___________ in the classroom.

      A) skeptical                                              B) faithful

      C) obedient                                               D) subsidiary

48.  In spite of the ___________ economic forecasts, manufacturing output has risen slightly.

      A) gloomy                                                B) miserable

      C) shadowy                                              D) obscure

49.  Body paint or face paint is used mostly by men in pre-literate societies in order to attract good health or to ___________ disease.

      A) set aside                                               B) ward off

      C) shrug off                                              D) give away

50.  The international situation has been growing __________ difficult for the last few years.

      A) invariably                                            B) presumably

      C) increasingly                                          D) dominantly

51.  The prisoner was ________________ of his civil liberty for three years.

      A) discharged                                           B) derived

      C) deprived                                              D) dispatched

52.  Small farms and the lack of modern technology have __________ agricultural production.

      A) blundered                                            B) tangled

      C) bewildered                                           D) hampered

53.  The Japanese scientists have found that scents ______________ efficiency and reduce stress among office workers.

      A) enhance                                               B) amplify

      C) foster                                                   D) magnify

54.  All the students have to _____________ to the rules and regulations of the school.

      A) confirm                                               B) confront

      C) confine                                                D) conform

55.  He ____________ his head, wondering how to solve the problem.

      A) scrapped                                              B) screwed

      C) scraped                                                D) scratched

56.  As soon as the boy was able to earn his own living he _________ his parents’ strict rules.

      A) defied                                                  B) refuted

      C) excluded                                              D) vetoed

57.  The helicopter _____________ a light plane and both pilots were killed.

      A) coincided with                                      B) stumbled on

      C) tumbled to                                           D) collided with

58.  To ______________ is to save and protect, to leave what we ourselves enjoy in such good condition that others may also share the enjoyment.

      A) conserve                                              B) conceive

      C) convert                                                D) contrive

59.  Put on dark glasses or the sun will _____________ you and you won’t be able to see.

      A) discern                                                B) distort

      C) distract                                                D) dazzle

60.  In __________ times human beings did not travel for pleasure but to find a more favorable climate.

      A) prime                                                  B) primitive

      C) primary                                               D) preliminary

 

Part IV                             Cloze                                                         (15 minutes)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

 

       In the United States, the first day nursery was opened in 1854. Nurseries were established in various areas during the ___61__ half of the 19th century; most of ___62___ were charitable. Both in Europe and in the U.S. the day-nursery movement received great ___63___ during the First World War, when ___64___ of manpower caused the industrial employment of unprecedented(前所未有)numbers of women. In some European countries nurseries were establishes ___65___ in munitions(军火)plants, under direct government sponsorship. ___66___ the number of nurseries in the U.S. also rose ___67___, this rise was accomplished without government aid of any kind. During the years following the First World War, ___68___, Federal, State, and local governments gradually began to exercise a measure of control ___69___ the day nurseries, chiefly by ___70___ them and by inspecting and regulating the conditions within the nurseries.

       The ___71___ of the Second World War was quickly followed by an increase in the number of day nurseries in almost all countries, as women were ___72___ called upon to replace men in the factories. On this ___73___ the U.S. government immediately came to the support of the nursery schools. ___74___ $6,000,000 in July, 1942, for a nursery-school program for the children of working mothers. Many States and local communities ___75___ this Federal aid. By the end of the war, in August, 1945, more than 100,000 children were being cared ___76___ in day-care centers receiving Federal ___77___. Soon afterward, the Federal government ___78___ cut down its expenditures for this purpose and later ___79___ them, causing a sharp drop in the number of nursery schools in operation. However, the expectation that most employed mothers would leave their ___80___ at the end of the war was only partly fulfilled.

61. A) latter                B) late                           C) other                     D) first

62. A) those                B) them                         C) whose                    D) whom

63. A) impetus            B) input                        C) imitation                D) initiative

64. A) sources             B) abundance                 C) shortage                 D) reduction

65. A) hardly              B) entirely                     C) only                      D) even

66. A) Because            B) As                            C) Since                     D) Although

67. A) unanimously     B) sharply                     C) predominantly        D) militantly

68. A) therefore          B) consequently             C) however                 D) moreover

69. A) over                 B) in                             C) at                          D) about

70. A) formulating      B) labeling                    C) patenting                D) licensing

71. A) outset               B) outbreak                   C) breakthrough          D) breakdown

72. A) again                B) thus                          C) repeatedly              D) yet

73. A) circumstance     B) occasion                    C) case                       D) situation

74. A) regulating         B) summoning               C) allocating               D) transferring

75. A) expanded          B) facilitated                  C) supplemented         D) compensated

76. A) by                    B) after                         C) of                          D) for

77. A) pensions           B) subsidies                   C) revenues                D) budgets

78. A) prevalently       B) furiously                   C) statistically             D) drastically

79. A) abolished          B) diminished                C) jeopardized            D) precluded

80. A) nurseries           B) homes                       C) jobs                       D) children

 

Part V                               Writing                                                     (30 minutes)

Directions:     For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic How to Succeed in a Job Interview? You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:

1. 面试在求职过程中的作用。

2. 取得面试成功的因素:仪表、举止谈吐、能力、专业知识、自信、实事求是……

 

How to Succeed in a Job Interview?

 

2001.1

Part I Listening Comprehension

Section A

l-10 A C C D A A B C D D

Section B

S1 over S2 constantly S3 mechanism

S4 maintain S5 overall S6 normal S7 increase

S8 This can be influenced by a variety of factorsincluding how much you weigh and how that weight is distributed.

S9 Similarly findings have also been reported at high school levelmainly with female students.

S10 The primary cause of this concern is the value that American society is ingeneral asociety to physical appearance.

Part Reading Comprehension

11. 正确答案为C)。根据文章第13-6段可知,对鸟类睡眠的最新研究表明,它们能够有意识地控制自己的半脑睡眠。这几段举例说明了对这个问题实验的情况。选项A)B)D)虽在文章第2 段中也提到了,但那是文献记载的以前研究的情况(Earlier studies have documented...)故均不是正确答案。

12. 正确答案为A)。根据文章第6The results provide the best evidence for along standing supposition that singlehemisphere sleep evolved as creatures scanned for enemies.(这些研究结果为一个长久以来的假设提供了最好的证据,即单侧脑睡眠是在生物警惕敌人过程中进化形成的。)

13. 正确答案为C)。根据文章第6段内容:鸟类单侧脑睡眠是在警惕敌人过程中进化而来,此结论还可推而广之。在需要警惕的一侧,鸟儿喜欢睁着一只眼睛……,一对动物园里的鸟儿挨着打瞌睡时 是如此,宠物鸟靠镜子一侧的眼睛闭着,好象镜子中的影子是一个伙伴,而另一只眼睛却睁着, 也说明这种情况。所以选项C)是答案。

14. 正确答案为B)。根据文章第7段第2Perhaps keeping one side of the brain awake allows a sleeping animal to surface occasionally to avoid drowning.(也许,保持一侧脑醒着可以使睡眠中的动物不时浮出水面而刁;淹死。)所以B)emerge from water now and then to breathe(不时浮出水面来呼吸)是正确答案。

15. 正确答案为D)。根据文章最后的一段,也就是含有这个短语的上下文。Studies of birds may offer unique insights into sleep...He (Siegel)speculates that more examples may turn up when we take closer look at other species.(对鸟类的研究可能提供对睡眠的独特认识。……他推测当我们对其他物种仔细观察时,就会发现更多的例证。)因此选项D)所说"半侧脑睡眠这种现象可能存在于其他物种"正是"just the tip of iceberg"所表达的意思。

16. 正确答案为C)。根据第2The claims are taken seriously enough that TT therapists are frequently hired by leading hospitals.(这种宣扬很受重视,以致TT行医者经常受雇于大的医院……)选项A)文章中没有提及,选项B)叙述不准确,文中只是说,据称这种方法能使人病情好转,甚至说有的能治疗各种疾病"。选项D)与文章内容不符,文章说,川万受过培训的TT行医者甚至不接触病人身体……。故A)B)D) 均不是答案。

17. 正确答案为C)。根据文章第3段第2句:为了提供这样一个证明(证明人有"能场'')TT行医者不得不坐下接受独立的测试--这是他们一直都不愿意做的事情,即使詹姆斯·兰迪为能演示人存在"能场"的人提供一百多万美元的奖金。(To provide such proof, TT therapists would have to sit down for independent testingsomething they haven'tbeen eager to do, even though James Landi has offered more than $ 1 million to anyone who can demonstrate the existence of a human energy field.)

18. 正确答案为D)。根据文章第1段我们知道,TT行医者所宣扬的就是通过调节病人?quot;能场"来治病(whose advocates manipulate patient's "energy field" to make them feel better and even, say some, to cure them of various ills)。在第2段中,又提到"运用这种手法可以推动能场转动直到平衡(pushing energy fieds around until they're in "balance")"而爱米丽·瑞莎的实验就是证明是否能场真的存在。特别文章最后一句If there was an energy field, they couldn't feel it.(如果有一个能场的话,他们也感觉不到。)选项C)说是测试她能否感觉到能场,如果是这样的话,前提是存在一个能场,这当然是错误的。A)B)两个选项也是错误的。

19. 正确答案为D)。根据文章第3段从第2句到段末这部分:A skeptic might conclude that TT practitioners are afraid to lay their beliefs on the line. But who would turn down an innocent, fourthgrader?Says Emily:"I think they didn't take me very seriously because I'm a kid".(怀疑的人或许会因为TT行医者害怕使他们自己处于被揭露的危险中,但谁能拒绝一个天真的四年级的小学生呢?爱米丽说,"我想他们不会太把我当回事,因为我是个小孩子。)

20. 正确答案为A)。此题要求概括主题。文章第1句就是主题句:A nineyearold schoolgir

l singlehandly cooks up a sciencefair experiment the ends up debunking a wide

ly practiced medical treatment. (一个9岁的小女孩独自设计了一个公开的科学实验,结果揭穿了一种广为流行的医疗方法的真相。)

21. 正确答案为A)。根据第1段第23句:The answer depends on what kind of system is ultimately adopted. Two distinct types are on the drawing board. (答案取决于最后采用哪一种系统,两种不同的类型都在绘图板上。)回答此问题的关键是要知道drawingboard的意思。所以选项A) are being planned是正确答案。

22. 正确答案为B)。根据第1段最后一句:A specialpurpose lane system would require more extensive physical modifications to existing highways,but it promises the greatest gains in freeway capacity (特别目的车道系统要求对现有的高速公路进行更广泛的改造,但它会使高速公路获得最大的能力。)

23. 正确答案为C)。根据第2段第1句:Under either scheme, the driver would specify the desired destination, furnishing this information to a computer in the car at the beginning of the trip or perhaps just before reaching the automated highway.(不论采用那种设计,司机都需要在其开始行驶时或在到达自动化高速公路前确定要去的目的地,把这个信息输入车上的计算机。)C)是正确答案。选项B)与文章内容相悖,因为原文第2段第2句是on suitably equipped roads而不是existing traffic。选项D)提到的情况只适用于第2种设计方案,即混合式交通系统。故A)B)D)均不是答案。

24. 正确答案为B)。根据文章第2段第345句:如果使用特殊目的的车道……一种方法是使

用特殊的人口引道。当司机接近高速公路人口处时,安装在道边的电子装置会检测车辆的目的地并搞清是否有能工作的自动化装置。(If specialpurpose lanes were available,One method would use a special onramp. As drivers approached the point of entry for the highway, devices installed on the roadside would electronically check the vehicle to determine its destination and to ascertain that it had the proper automation equipment in good working order.)

25. 正确答案为D)。根据第3段的最后一句:And once a vehicle had settled into automated travel, the driver would be free to release the wheel, open the morning paperor just relax. (一旦车辆进入自动行驶状态,司机就可以放开方向盘,打开晨报或者只是休息。)

26. 正确答案为A)。这是一篇新老观点对应性文章。老观点也就是平常的大家普遍接受的观点:聪明指的是受到正规教育,成绩优秀,并以此作为自我完善的手段。新观点强调心理健康,否定老观点,所以A)是答案。

27. 正确答案为D)。通读全文我们知道,作者认为真正能体现聪明的是能否过一种有意义;愉快的生活,每天,每时都是这样。而获得大学学位的人未必能做到。所以选项D)与作者的这种观点相符,是正确答案。选项C)有一定的干扰性,虽然作者说神经病医院里满是持有各种证书的病人。但这并不是说持有大学学位可能使一个人神经得病或身体虚弱。

28. 正确答案为C)。选项A)与文章内容相悖,文章说要摒弃某些很流行的说法(putting rest some very prevalent myths),而不是要忍耐这些说法。选项B)和选项D)的内容在文章中均未提到, 故只有选项C)是正确答案。另外,也可以根据第2段第1句来推断:If you are happy, if you live each moment for everything it's worth, then you are an intelligent person. (如果你感到愉快,如果你为所有值得的事物活每一时刻,你就是一个聪明的人。) '

29. 正确答案为A)。根据第4段第234句的内容:在任何社会环境中与别人交往,每个人都有相的困难。意见不合,冲突和妥协是作为人的一部分存在的。(Everyone who is involved with other human in any social context has similar difficulties. Disagreements, conflicts and compromises are a part of what it means to be human.)选项A)与之相符,是正确答案。选项B)干扰性较大,这与原文不符。原文说But some people are able to make it, to avoid immobilizing depression and unhappiness despite such occurrences.(但有些人能克服,尽管有这些事情发生,他们能避免陷入沮丧和不愉快中不能自拔。)这意味着生活中的沮丧和不愉快是可以避免的。

30. 正确答案为B)。根据第4段最后一句:Those who recognize problems as a human condition and don't measure happiness by an absence of problems are the most intelligent kind of human we know,also the most rare. (那些认识到困难是人生必然存在的事物,不以有没有困难来衡量愉快,是我们所知最聪明的一类人,也是很罕见的人。)

 

Part Vocabulary

31. 答案为A)premise意为"前提"。句意为:以火星有生命这一前提开始,那位科学家继续深入他的论证。其他三个选项的意思是:B)pretext借口;C)foundation基础;D)presentation陈述。

32. 答案为D)controversy意为"争论",句意为:几起核灾难之后,关于核能安全的问题引起了激烈的争论。其他三个选项的意思是:A) quarrel争吵,吵架;B)suspicion猜疑,怀疑;C)verdict判决,结论。

33. 答案为B)ambition意为"野心",句意为:他们的外交原则彻底将他们要征服世界的野心暴露无疑。其他三个名词的意思是:A) admiration赞美;C)administration行政,管理;D)orientation方向,方位。

34. 答案为C)assurance意为"保证,担保",句意为:主任向我保证,如果我把工作做好,他会给我双倍的工资。其他三个名词的意思是:A) warrant作名词意为"证明,凭证",作动词有"保证,担保"的意思。此处应为名词,意思不适合本句。B)obligation义务,D) certainty肯定。

35. 答案为A) ornaments意为"装饰物",句意为:圣诞树用彩灯和玻璃球之类的装饰物修饰了起来。B)luxuries奢侈品;C)exhibits展览品;D)complements补充物。

36. 答案为C)ingredients意为"(混合物中之)成分",句意为:做蛋糕的最主要的成分是面粉和糖。其他三个名词的意思是:A)elements元素,要素;B)components(构成整体的)部件,D constituents要素。

37. 答案为C)。这是四个都含有前缀trans的名词的辨析。A)translation翻译;B)transition转换;C) transmission传播;D)transaction交易。C)符合题意要求,句意为:文化传播表明人类把他们的语言从上一代传给下一代。

38. 答案为B)illusion意为"幻想",句意为:我们必须摒弃幻想和假设来看问题,设法搞清丢失了什么。其他三个名词的意思是:A) justification理由,辩护;C)manifestation展示,证明;D)specifieation评述,规范。

39. 答案为B)。选项中三个形容词都有同一根词respect,特别注意它们意义的差别。A)respective分别的,各自的;B)respectable可敬的,值得尊敬的C) respectful尊重人的,有礼貌的;D)realistic现实(主义)的。选项B)符合题意,是正确答案。句意为:没有人会想象到,那个外表可敬的商人实际上是个罪犯。

40. 答案为D)。选项中四个形容词,有三个是由动词的过去分词转化而来。其意义分别是:A)de

teriorated退化的,恶化的;B)degenerated堕落的C)suppressed压抑的;D)extinct灭绝的。D)extinct 符合题意要求,是正确答案。句意为:如果不采取措施保护环境,数以百万计现在活着的物种就会灭绝。

41. 答案为A)essence意为"本质,精髓",句意为:科学态度的本质是人类的意识能成功地

理解宇宙。其他三个名词的意义是:B)content内容;C)texture结构,D)threshold入口,门槛。

42. 答案为C)chronic意为"慢性的":句意为这位老太太患有慢性咳嗽,短期内不能彻底治愈。其他三个形容词的意思是:A)perpetual永久的,持久的;B)permant'长期的,长久的;D)sustained持续不变的。

43. 答案为B)authentic意为"真实的,可靠的",句意为:通讯员发给我们的是一件真实的新闻报道,我们可以相信它。其他三个形容词的意思是:A) evident明显的;C)ultimate最后的,最终的;D)immidiate紧急的,立即的。

44. 答案为A)inspirational意为"有鼓舞力的,给予灵感的",句意为:已经聘她作教授兼顾问,我可以告诉你,她是一种鼓舞力量,促使她的学生成绩大大优于他们自己的期望。其它三个形容词的意思是:B)educational教育的;C)excessive过分的;D) instantaneous即刻的,瞬间的。

45. 答案为D)vulnerable意为"易受攻击的,敏感的",句意为,有些研究者感到某些人的神

经系统对热风和干风很敏感。他们就是我们所称的天气敏感者。其它三个形容词的意思是:A)subjective主观的;B)subordinate次要的,附属的;C)liable有……倾向的。

46. 答案为B)destructive意为"破坏性的",句意为:飓风是造成灾难的风,其破坏性在于能造成物质的损坏。其它三个形容词的意思是:A) cumulative累积的;C)turbulent狂暴的,动乱的;D)prevalent流行的。

47. 答案为C)obedient的意思是"顺从的,规矩的",句意为:在一些国家,要求学生在教室要保持安静并循规蹈矩。另外三个形容词的意义为:A) skeptical怀疑的;B)faithful忠诚的;D)subsidiary辅助的。

48. 答案为A)gloomy的意思为"令人沮丧的",句意为:尽管经济预测令人沮丧,但制造业的产量却稍有增加。其它三个形容词的意思是:B) miserable悲惨的;C)shadowy有阴影的;D)obscure模糊的,暗的。

49. 答案为B)。本题要求辨析四个动词短语。A)set aside不顾,置于一旁;B)ward off避开;C) shrug off不理,一笑置之;D)give away赠予,发出。选项B)符合句意要求,是正确答案。句意为:文身或文面多为尚无文字社会的人用来追求身体健康或避免疾病。

50. 答案为C)increasingly意为"越来越…,日益",句意为:在过去几年里,国际形势变得越来越困难。其它三个副词的意思是:A)invariably不变的,总是;B)presumably推测地,大概;D) dominantly起支配作用地。

51. 答案为C)deprived意为"剥夺",常与of搭配,句意为:囚犯被剥夺三年的公民自由权。A)discharged意为"指控",常与with搭配,dischargewith意思是"指控某人犯……罪"B)derive意为"来自,起源"常与from搭配;D)dispatch意为"派遣 "

52. 答案为D)hamper意为"阻碍,束缚",句意为:小农场以及缺乏现代技术束缚了农业的生产。其它三个动词的意义是:A) blundered盲动,脱口而出;B)tangled纠缠;C)bewildered迷惑。

53. 答案为A)。四个动词的意思分别是:A)enhance增强,提高;B)amplify放大,增强;C)foster

鼓励;D)magnify放大,扩大。根据原题,A)enhance符合题意是答案。句意为:日本科学家发现,香味能提高办公室人员的效率,并能减轻紧张情绪。

54. 答案为D)。这是四个形似但意义各不相同的动词。A)confirm证实,确认;B)confront面对,遭遇;C)confine限制,禁闭;D) conform遵守,服从,常与介词to搭配。D)conform不但在意义上,结构也符合原题,是正确答案。句意为:所有学生都得遵守学校的规章制度。

55. 答案为D)scratch意为"抓,挠",句意为:他挠一挠头,考虑如何解决这个问题。其它三个动词的意思分别是:A)scrapped废弃;B)screwed拧;C)scraped刮,擦。

56. 答案为A)defied意为"藐视,公然对抗",句意为:男孩子刚能够自己谋生,就公然对抗父母的严厉规矩。另外三个动词的意义是:B)refuted反驳,驳斥;C)excluded排斥,D)vetoed否决。

57. 答案为D)。本题是动词短语辨析。四个动词短语的意义分别是:A)coincided with......巧合;B)stumbled on偶尔遇到;C)tumbled to恍然大悟;D)collided with与…碰撞。选项D)符合题意,是正确答案。句意为:那架直升飞机与一架轻型飞机相撞,两个飞行员都遇难了。

58. 答案为A)。选项中四个动词的意义分别是:A)conserve保藏,保存;B)conceive想象,持有

C) convert转换;D)contrive发明,设计。根据原题意,A)conscrve是答案。句意为:保存就是留下来并保护起来,使我们自己享用的东西保持完好,让别人也可分享。

59. 答案为D) dazzle意为"使人眩晕,眼花",句意为:戴上墨镜,不然太阳会使你眼花,看不见东西。其它三个动词的意思是:A)discern辨认,识别;B) distort扭曲,歪曲;C)distract分散,分心。

60. 答案为B)primitive意为"原始的",句意为:在原始时代,人类旅行不是为了找乐趣,而是寻找更有利的气候。其它三个形容词的意思是,A) prime首要的;C)primary最初的;D)preliminary开端的,最初的。

 

Part Cloze

61. 正确答案为B)。第一家日托所建于1854年,在各地区建立当然是在19世纪的后半期。

62. 正确答案为B)most of后面要用人称代词。

63. 正确答案为A)。根据句意"第一次世界大战对建立日托所的运动是个促进"

64. 正确答案为C)。根据句意"当时劳动力短缺使得……"

65. 正确答案为D)。说明托儿所建立的多而广,"甚至"建在军火工厂里。

66. 正确答案为D)。分析全句,这是一个让步状语从句,故应用连词although

67. 正确答案为B)。修饰动词rose的副词,四个选项中只有sharply(急剧地)合适。

68. 正确答案为C)。本句的语气上是转折的,要选副词however

69. 正确答案为B)"在幼儿园里"介词应该用in

70. 正确答案为A)。根据句意"通过规范(formulate)和……来管理"。选A)

71. 正确答案为B)。根据句意"第二次世界大战的爆发"应是"The outbreak of the Second World War"

72. 正确答案为A)。与第一次世界大战的情况相呼应,所以要填A)"再次"

73. 正确答案为B)。选项中的四个名词,只有occasion可以与介词on搭配,其意义也与句意相吻合.

74. 正确答案为C)。根据句意"这时,美国政府立即支持保育员学校,19427月拨款600万美元……

75. 正确答案为C)。根据句意"许多州和地方社区对这笔联邦政府资助进行补充。

76. 正确答案为D)。动词care要与介词for搭配,表示"照料"的意思。

77. 正确答案为B)。根据句意"在接受联邦津贴的日托中心里"

78. 正确答案为D)。根据句意"大幅度地削减这笔费用",只有副词drastically是正确的。

79. 正确答案为A)。与前一句相呼应,前面说"大幅度地削减",后来,自然是"废止(abolished)"

80. 正确答案为C)。根据句意"期望战后大多数所雇佣的有小孩的妇女离开她们的工作……"

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