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2008年6月大学英语四级考试听力附试题和答案

发帖者 吴怀唐 On 下午9:44
  题目:
  Section A
  11. A) Give his ankle a good rest.
  B) Treat his
  injury immediately.
  C) Continue
  his regular activities.
  D) Be
  careful when climbing steps.
  12. A) On a train.
  B) On a
  plane.
  C) In a
  theater.
  D) In a
  restaurant.
  13. A) A tragic accident.
  B) A fad
  occasion
  C) Smith's
  unusual life story.
  D) Smith's
  sleeping problem.
  14. A) Review the details of all her lessons.
  B) Compare
  notes with his classmates.
  C) Talk with
  her about his learning problems.
  D) Focus on
  the main points of her lectures.
  15. A) The man blamed the woman for being
  careless.
  B) The man
  misunderstood the woman's apology.
  C) The woman
  offered to pay for the man's coffee.
  D) The woman
  spilt coffee on the man's jacket.
  16. A) extremely tedious.
  B) Hard to
  understand.
  C) Lacking a
  good plot.
  D) Not worth
  seeing twice.
  17. A) Attending every lecture.
  B) Doing
  lots of homework.
  C) Reading
  very extensively.
  D) Using
  test-taking strategies.
  18. A) The digital TV system will offer different
  programs.
  B) He is
  eager to see what the new system is like.
  C) He thinks
  it unrealistic to have 500 channels.
  D) The new
  TV system may not provide anything better.
  Question 19 to 22 are based on the passage you
  have just heard.
  19.a)a notice by the electricity board.
  b)ads promoting electric
  appliances.
  c)the
  description of a thief in disguise.
  d)a new policy
  on pensioners’ welfare.
  20.a)speaking with a proper accent.
  b)wearing an
  official uniform.
  c)making
  friends with them
  d)showing them
  his ID.
  21.a)to be on the alert when being followed.
  b)not to leave
  senior citizens alone at home.
  c)not to let
  anyone in without an appointment.
  d)to watch out
  for those from the electricity board.
  22.a)she was robbed near the parking lot.
  b)all her
  money in the bank disappeared.
  c)the pension
  she had just drawn was stolen.
  d)she was
  knocked down in the post office.
  Question 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just
  heard.
  23.a)marketing consultancy.
  b)Professional
  accountancy.
  c)luxury hotel
  management.
  d)business
  conference organization
  24.a)having a good knowledge of its customs.
  b)knowing some
  key people in tourism.
  c)having been
  to the country before.
  d)being able
  to speak Japanese.
  25.a)it will bring her potential into full play.
  b)it will
  involve lots of train travel.
  c)it will
  enable her to improve her Chinese.
  d)it will give
  her more chances to visit Japan.
  Section B
  Passage One
  Question 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just
  heard.
  26.a) The lack of time
  b) The quality
  of life.
  c) The
  frustrations at work.
  d) The
  pressure on working families.
  27.a)They were just as busy as people of today.
  b)They saw the
  importance of collective efforts.
  c)They didn't
  complain as much as modern man.
  d)They lived a
  hard life by hunting and gathering.
  28.a)To look for creative ideas of awarding
  employees.
  b)To explore
  strategies for lowering production costs.
  c)To seek new
  approaches to dealing with complaints.
  d)To find
  effective ways to give employees flexibility.
  Passage Two
  Question 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just
  heard.
  29.a)family violence.
  b)his
  children's efforts.
  c)her father's
  disloyalty.
  d)his second
  wife's positive influence.
  30.a)his advanced age.
  b)his
  children's efforts.
  c) his
  improved financial condition.
  d)his second
  wife's positive influence.
  31.a)love is blind.
  b)love breeds
  love.
  c)divorce
  often has disastrous consequences.
  d)happiness is
  hard to find in blended families.
  Passage Three
  Question 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just
  heard.
  32.a) it was located in a park
  b) its owner
  died of a heart attack
  c) it went
  bankrupt all of sudden.
  d) its potted
  plants were for lease only.
  33.a)planting some trees in the greenhouse
  b)writing a
  want ad to a local newspaper
  c)putting up a
  going out of business sign
  d)helping a
  customer select some purchases
  34.a)opening an offive in the new office park
  b)keeping
  better relations with her company
  c)developing
  fresh business opportunities
  d)building a
  big greenhouse of his own
  35.a)owning the greenhouse one day
  b) Securing a
  job at the office park
  c) Cultivating
  more potted plants.
  d) Finding
  customers out of town
  Section C
  We're now witnessing the emergence of an advanced economy based
  on information and knowledge.
  Physical(36)
  , raw materials, and capital are no longer the key(37)
  _
  _ in the creation of wealth. Now, the(38) ____ raw material in our
  economy is knowledge. Tomorrow's wealth depends on the development
  and exchange of knowledge. And(39) ___ entering the workforce offer
  their knowledge, not their muscles. Knowledge workers get paid for
  their education and their ability to learn. Knowledge
  workers(40)____ in mind work. They deal with symbols: words,(41)
  ___ and data.
  What does all this mean for you? As a future knowledge worker, you
  can expect to be(42) ____ , processing, as well as exchanging
  information. (43)____ , three out of four jobs involve some form of
  mind work, and that number will increase sharply in the future.
  Management and employees alike
  (44)___
  _ .
  In the new world of work, you can look forward to being in constant
  training
  (45)
  _
  . You can also expect to be taking greater control of your career.
  Gone are the nine-five jobs. lifetime security, predictable
  promotions, and even the conventional workplace, as you are
  familiar with.
  (46)_
  _
  , and don’t wait for someone to “empower” you. You have to empower
  yourself.
  原文:
  11.M: Today is a bad day for me; I fell off a step
  and twisted my ankle.
  W: Don't
  worry, usually ankle injuries heal quickly if you stop regular
  activity for a
  while.
  Q: What does
  the woman suggest the man do?
  12. W: May I see your ticket please? I think you
  are sitting in my seat.
  M: Oh, you
  are right. My seat is in the balcony. I'm terribly sorry.
  Q: Where
  does the conversation most probably take place?
  13. W: Did you hear Mr. Smith died in his sleep
  last night?
  M: Yes, it's
  very sad. Please let everybody know that whoever wants to, may
  attend
  the funeral.
  Q: What are
  the speakers talking about?
  14. M: Have you taken Professor Young's exam
  before? I'm kind of nervous.
  W: Yes, just
  concentrate on the important ideas she's talked about in class and
  ignore the details.
  Q: How does
  the woman suggest the man prepare for Professor Young's exam?
  15. W: I'm so sorry sir, and you'll let me pay to
  have your jacket cleaned, won't you?
  M: That's
  all right, it could happen to anyone. And I'm sure that coffee
  doesn't leave lasting marks on clothing.
  Q: What can
  we infer from the conversation?
  16. W: Have you seen the movie the departed? The
  plot was so complicated that I really got lost.
  M: Yeah, I
  felt the same, but after I saw it a second time, I could put all
  the pieces together.
  Q: How did
  the two speakers find the movie?
  17. M: I'm really surprised you got an "A" on the
  test. You didn't seem to have done a lot of reading.
  W: Now you
  know why I never missed a lecture.
  Q: What
  contributes to the woman's high score?
  18. W: Have you heard about a new digital
  television system? It lets people get about 500 channels.
  M: Yeah, but
  I doubt they'll have anything different from what
  we watch now.
  Q: What does
  the man mean?
  Conversation One
  W: Gosh! Have you seen this Richard?
  M: Seeing what?
  W: In the paper, it says there's a man going round
  pretending he's from the electricity board. He's been calling at
  people's homes, saying he's come to check that all their appliances
  are safe. Then he gets around them to make him a cup of tea and
  while they are out of the room, he steals their money, handbag,
  whatever and makes off with it.
  M: But you know Jane, it's partly their own fault.
  You should never let anyone like that in unless you are expecting
  them.
  W: It's all very well to say that, but someone
  comes to the door and says electricity or gas, and you
  automatically think they are ok, especially if they flash a card to
  you.
  M: Does this man have an I. D. then?
  W: Yes, that's just it! It seems he used to work
  for the electricity board at one time. According to the paper, the
  police are warning people, especially pensioners not to admit
  anyone unless they have an appointment. It's a bit sad. One old
  lady told them she'd just been to the post office to draw her
  pension when he called. She said he must have followed her home. He
  stole the whole lot.
  M: But what does he look like? Surely they must
  have a description.
  W: Oh, yes, they have. Let's see. In his thirties,
  tall, bushy dark hair, slight northern accent, sounds a bit like
  you actually.
  Q19. What does the woman want the man to read in
  the newspaper? (A theft case)
  Q20. How did the man mentioned in the newspaper try
  to win further trust from the victims?
  (Flashing his I.D. to them)
  Q21. What is the warning from the police?( not to
  admit anyone unless they have an appointment)
  Q22. What does the woman speaker tell us about the
  old lady?(Her pension has been stolen by the man)
  Conversation Two
  M: Miss Jones, could you tell me more about your
  first job with hotel marketing concepts?
  W: Yes certainly. I was a marketing consultant,
  responsible for marketing ten UK hotels. They were all luxury
  hotels in the leisure sector, all of a very high
  standard.
  M: Which markets were you responsible
  for?
  W: For Europe and Japan.
  M: I see from your resume that you speak Japanese.
  Have you ever been to Japan?
  W: Yes, I have. I spent a month in Japan in 2006. I
  met all the key people in the tourist industry, the big tour
  operators and tourist organizations. As I speak Japanese, I had a
  very big advantage.
  M: Yes, of course. Have you had any contact with
  Japan in your present job?
  W: Yes, I've had a lot. The truth is I have become
  very popular with the Japanese, both for holidays and for business
  conferences. In fact, the market for all types of luxury holidays
  for the Japanese has increased a lot
  recently.
  M: Really, I'm interested to hear more about that,
  but first, tell me, have you ever traveled on a luxury train? The
  Orient Express, for example.
  W: No I haven't, but I have traveled on a glacier
  express to Switzerland and I traveled across China by train about 8
  years ago. I love train travel. That's why I'm very interested in
  this job.
  Q23. What did the woman do in her first
  job?(marketing consultant)
  Q24. What gave the woman an advantage during her
  business trip in Japan?(She can speak
  Japanese)
  Q25. Why is the woman applying for the new job?
  (She loves train travel.)
  Passage one
  Time
  I think a lot about time and not just because it's
  the name of the news organization I work for. Like most working
  people, I find time or the lack of it, are never ending frustration
  and an unwinable battle. My every day is a race against the clock
  that I never ever seem to win. This is hardly a lonesome complaint,
  according to the families and work institutes, national study of
  the changing work force, 55% of the employees say they don't have
  enough time for themselves, 63% don't have enough time for their
  spouses or partners, and 67% don't have enough time for their
  children. It's also not a new complaint. I bet our ancestors
  returned home from hunting wild animals and gathering nuts, and
  complained about how little time they had to paint battle scenes on
  their cave walls. The difference is that the boss of the animal
  hunting and the head of nut gathering probably told them to "Shut
  up!" or "No survival for you!" Today's workers are still demanding
  control over their time, the difference is: today's bosses are
  listening. I've been reading a report issued today called When Work
  Works, produced jointly by 3 organizations. They set out to find
  and award the employers who employ the most creative and most
  effective ways to give their workers flexibility. I found this
  report worth reading and suggest every boss should read it for
  ideas.
  Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage
  you have just heard.
  26. What is the speaker complaining about?
  27. What does the speaker say about our
  ancestors?
  28. Why does the speaker suggest all bosses read
  the report by the 3 organizations?
  Passage 2
  Loving a child is a circular business. The more you
  give, the more you get. The more you want to give, Penalapy Leach
  once said. What she said proves to be true of my blended family. I
  was born in 1931as the youngest of 6 children, I learn to share my
  parents' love. Raising 6 children during the difficult times of the
  Great Depression took its toll on my parents' relationship and
  resulted in their divorce when I was 18 years old. Daddy never had
  very close relationships with his children and drifted even farther
  away from us after the divorce. Several years later, a wonderful
  woman came into his life, and they were married. She had 2 sons.
  One of them is still at home. Under her influence we became a
  blended family and a good relationship developed between the 2
  families. She always treated us as if we were her own children. It
  was because of our other mother, daddy's second wife, that he
  became closer to his own children. They shared over 25 years
  together before our father passed away. At the time of his death,
  the question came up of my mother, daddy's first wife, attending
  his funeral. I will never forget the unconditional love shown by my
  stepmother, when I asked her if she would object to mother
  attending daddy's funeral. Without giving it a second thought, she
  immediately replied, "of course not, honey, she is the mother of my
  children."
  Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you've
  just heard.
  29. According to the speaker, what contributed to
  her parents' divorce?
  30. What brought his father closer to his
  children?
  31. What message does the speaker want to convey in
  this talk?
  Passage
  three
  In February last year, my wife lost her job. Just
  as suddenly, the owner of the greenhouse where I worked as manager
  died of a heart attack. His family announced that they were going
  to close the business because no one in the family wanted to run
  it. Things looked pretty gloomy. My wife and I read the want-ads
  each day. Then one morning, as I was hanging out "Going out of
  Business" sign at the greenhouse, the door opened and in walked a
  customer. She was an office manager whose company has just moved
  into the new office park on the edge of town. She was looking for
  petite plants to place in the reception areas and offices. "I don't
  know anything about plants," she said. "I'm sure in a few weeks
  they'll all be dead." Why was I helping her select her purchases?
  My mind was racing. Perhaps as many as a dozen firms have recently
  opened offices in the new office park, and there were several
  hundred more acres with construction under way. That afternoon, I
  drove out to the office park. By six o'clock that evening I had
  signed contracts with seven companies to rent plants from me and
  pay me a fee to maintain them. Within a week, I had worked out an
  agreement to lease the greenhouse from the owner's family. Business
  is now increasing rapidly.
  And one day, we hope to be the proud owners of the
  greenhouse.
  32.What do we learn about the greenhouse?
  33. What was the speaker doing
  when the customer walked in one morning?
  34 What did the
  speaker think of when serving the office manager?
  35. What was the speaker's hope for the future?
  Compound dictation
  We're now witnessing the emergence of the advanced
  economy based on information and knowledge. Physical labor, raw
  materials and capital are no longer the key ingredients in the
  creation of wealth. Now the vital raw material in our economy is
  knowledge. Tomorrow's wealth depends on the development and
  exchange of knowledge. And individuals entering the work force
  offer their knowledge, not their muscles. Knowledge workers get
  paid for their education and their ability to learn. Knowledge
  workers engage in mind work. They deal with symbols, words,
  figures, and data.
  What does all this mean for
  you?
  As a future knowledge worker, you can expect to be
  generating, processing as well as exchanging information.
  Currently, three out of four jobs involve some form of mind work.
  And that number will increase sharply in the future. Management and
  employees alike will be making decisions in such areas as product
  development, quality control, and customer satisfaction.
  In the new world of work, you can look forward to
  being in constant training to acquire new skills that will help you
  keep up with improved technologies and procedures.
  You can also expect to be taking greater control of
  your career. Gone are the nine to five jobs, lifetime security,
  predictable promotions, and even the conventional workplace as
  you're familiar with. Don't expect the companies will provide you
  with a clearly defined career path, and don't wait for some one to
  empower you. You have to empower yourself.
答案
  短对话
  11. A give his ankle a good rest
  12. C in a theater
  13. A a tragic accident
  14. D focus on the main points of her lectures
  15. D the woman spilt coffee on the man’s jacket
  16. B. hard to understand
  17. A. attending every lecture
  18. D the new TV system may not provide anything better
  长对话 1
  19. C the description of a thief in disguise
  20. D showing his ID
  21. C not to let anyone in without an appointment
  22. C the pension she had just drawn was stolen
  长对话 2
  23. A. marketing consultancy
  24. D. being able to speak Japanese
  25. B. it will involve lots of train travel
  短文1
  26. A. the lack of time
  27. A. they were just as busy as people of today
  28. D. to find effective ways to give employees flexibility
  短文2
  29. B. the Great Depression
  30. D. his second wife’s positive influence
  31. B. love breeds love
  短文3
  32. B. its owner died of a heart attack
  33. C. putting up a Going Out OF Business sign
  34. C. developing fresh business opportunities
  35. A. owning the greenhouse one day
  听写
  36 labor/labour
  37 ingredients
  38 vital
  39 individual
  40 engage
  41 figures
  42 generating
  43 currently
  44. Will be making decisions in such areas as product development, quality control and customers’ satisfaction
  45. To acquire new skills that will help you keep up with improved technologies and procedures
  46. Don’t expect that the companies will provide you with clearly defined career paths
反应: 

1 Response to '2008年6月大学英语四级考试听力附试题和答案'

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