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2001年1月大学英语四级考试听力附试题和答案

发帖者 吴怀唐 On 下午1:47
  2001年1月大学英语四级考试试题及参考答案
  Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
  Section A
  Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  Example:
  You will hear:
  You will read:
  A) At the office.
  B) In the waiting room.
  C) At the airport.
  D) In a restaurant.
  From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore, A) “At the office” is the best answer. You should choose on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.
  Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D] 
  1.
  A)Get some change from Jane.
  B)Go to look for a payphone.
  C)Use the woman's phone.
  D)Pay for the phone call.
  2.
  A)At an art gallery.
  B)In a department store.
  C)At a bookstore.
  D)In a workshop.
  3.
  A)She will help the man to catch up.
  B)She is worried about the man's health.
  C)She has bought the man an uptodate map.
  D)She's bought the man a pair of glasses today.
  4.
  A)He is going to give a talk on fishing.
  B)He is eager to meet Susan's parents.
  C)He has the same hobby as Susan's father.
  D)He thinks fishing is a good way to kill time.
  5.
  A)He finds the presentation hard to follow.
  B)He speaks highly of the presentation.
  C)He considers the presentation very dull.
  D)He thinks Professor White has chosen an interesting topic.
  6.
  A)A bookshelf.
  B)A typewriter.
  C)Some stocks.
  D)High quality paper.
  7.
  A)They set off early.
  B)They wait for a fine day.
  C)They go sightseeing.
  D)They go to the seaside.
  8.
  A)He liked to show off in class.
  B)He was the first person she met at school.
  C)He had a funny face.
  D)He was late for school on the first day.
  9.
  A)Her car can stand any crash.
  B)Her car is kept in good condition.
  C)Her car is not as good as his.
  D)Her car is maintained as well as his.
  10.
  A)She is too busy to go.
  B)She's willing to go swimming.
  C)She doesn't want to wait long.
  D)She enjoys the wonderful weather.
  Section B
  Directions:In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C), and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  Passage One
  Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  11.
  A)He was a tax collector.
  B)He was a government official.
  C)He was once a friend of the ruler.
  D)He was once a shcool teacher in India.
  12.
  A)To reward outstanding tax collectors.
  B)To declare new ways of collecting tax.
  C)To collect money from the persons invited.
  D)To entertain those who had made great contributions to the government.
  13.
  A)They were excused from paying income tax.
  B)They were given some silver and gold coins by the ruler.
  C)They tried to collect more money than the ruler asked for.
  D)They enjoyed being invited to dinner at the ruler's palace.
  Passage Two
  Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  14.
  A)They liked travelling.
  B)The reasons are unknown.
  C)They were driven out of their homes.
  D)They wanted to find a better place to live in.
  15.
  A)They are unfriendly to Gypsies.
  B)They admire the musical talent of the Gypsies.
  C)They are envious of Gypsies.
  D)They try to put up with Gypsies.
  16.
  A)They are now taught in their own language.
  B)They are now allowed to attend local schools.
  C)Special schools have been set up for them.
  D)Permanent homes have been built for them.
  Passage Three
  Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  17.
  A)The causes are familiar.
  B)The causes are not well understood.
  C)The causes are obvious.
  D)The causes are very complicated.
  18.
  A)Improved highway design.
  B)Better public transportation.
  C)Regular driver training.
  D)Stricter traffic regulations.
  19.
  A)Highway crime.
  B)Drivers' errors.
  C)Poor traffic control.
  D)Confusing road signs.
  20.
  A)Increasing people's awareness of traffic problems.
  B)Enhancing drivers' sense of responsibility.
  C)Building more highways.
  D)Designing better cars.
  Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
  Section A
  Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A) , B) , C) and D) . You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
  Passage One
  Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
  Dogs are social animals and without proper training, they will behave like wild animals. They will spboil your house, destroy your belongings, bark excessively,fight other dogs and even bite you. Nearly all behavior problems are perfectly normal dog activities that occur at the wrong time or place or are directed at the wrong thing. The key to preventing or treating behavior problems us learning to teach the dog to redirect its normal behavior to outlets that are acceptable in the domestic setting.
  One of the best things you can do for your dog and yourself is to obedience train (驯服) it. Obedience training doesn't solve all behavior problems, but it is the foundation for solving just about any problem.Training opens up a line of communication between you and your dog. Effective communication is necessary to instruct your dog about what you want it to do.
  Training is also an easy way to establish the social rank order. When your dog o
  beys a simple request of "come here, sit," it is showing obedience and respect for you. It is not necessary to establish yourself as top dog or leader of the dog pack (群) by using extreme measures. You can teach your dog its subordinate (从属的)role by teaching it to show submission to you. Most dogs love performing tricks for you to pleasantly accept that you are in charge.
  Training should be fun and rewarding for you and your dog.It can enrich your relationship and make living together more enjoyable. A well trained dog is more confident and can more safely be allowed a greater amount of freedom than an untrained animal.
  21.Behavior problems of dogs are believed to _______.
  A) be just part of their nature
  B) worsen in modern society
  C) occure when they go wild
  D) present a threat to the community
  22. The primary purpose of obedience training is to _______.
  A) teach the dog to perform clever tricks
  B) make the dog aware fo its owner's authority
  C) provide the dog with outlets for its wild behavior
  D) enable the dog to regain its normal behavior
  23. Effective communication between a dog and its owner is _______.
  A) essential to solving the dog's behavior problems
  B) the foundation for dogs to perform tasks
  C) a good way to teach the dog new tricks
  D) an extreme measure in obedience training
  24. Why do pet dogs love performing tricks for their masters?
  A) To avoid being punished.
  B) To show their affection for their masters.
  C) To win leadership of the dog pack.
  D) To show their willingness to obey.
  25. When a dog has received effective obedience training, its owner _______.
  A) can give the dog more rewards
  B) will enjoy a better family life
  C) can give the dog more freedom
  D) will have more confidence in himself
  Passage Two
  Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
  Engineering students are supposed to be examples of practicality and rationality
  , but when it comes to my college education I am an idealist and a fool. In highschool I wanted to be an electrical engineer and, of course, any sensible student with my aims would have chosen a college with a large engineering department,famous reputation and lots of good labs and research equipment. But that's not what I did.
  I chose to study engineering at a small liberal arts(文科) university that doesn't even offer a major in electrical engineering. Obviously, this was not a practical choice; I came here for more noble reasons. I wanted a broad education that would provide me with flexibility and a value system to guide me in my career. I wanted to open my eyes and expand my vision by interacting with people who weren't studying science or engineering. My parents, teachers and other adults praised me for such a sensible choice. They told me I was wise and mature beyond my 18 years, and I believed them.
  I headed off to college sure I was going to have an advantage over those students who went to big engineerng "factories" where they didn't care if you had values or were flexible. I was going to be a complete engineer: technical genius and sensitive humanist(人文学者) all in one.
  Now I'm not so sure. Somewhere along the way my noble ideals crashed into reality, as all noble ideals eventually do. After three years of struggling to balance math, physics and engineering courses with liberal arts courses, I have learned there are reasons why few engineering students try to reconcile (协调) engineering with liberal arts courses in college.
  The reality that has blocked my path to become the typical successful student is
  that engineering and the liberal arts simply don't mix as easily as I assumed in high school. Individually they shape a person in very different ways; together they threaten to confuse. The struggle to reconcile the two fields of study is difficult.
  26. The author chose to study engineering at a small liberal-arts university because
  he _______.
  A) wanted to be an example of practicality and rationality
  B) intended to be a combination of engineer and humanist
  C) wanted to coordinate engineering with liberal-arts courses in college
  D) intended to be a sensible student with noble ideals
  27. According to the author, by interacting with people who study liberal arts,
  engineering students can _______.
  A) balance engineering and the liberal arts
  B) receive guidance in their careers
  C) become noble idealists
  D) broaden their horizons
  28. In the eyes of the author, a successful engineering student is expected _______.
  A) to have an excellent academic record
  B) to be wise and mature
  C) to be imaginative with a value system to guide him
  D) to be a technical genius with a wide vision
  29. The author's experience shows that he was _______.
  A) creative B) ambitious C) unrealistic D) irrational
  30. The word "they" in "... together they threaten to confuse." (Line 3, Para. 5)
  refers to _______.
  A) engineering and the liberal arts B) reality and noble ideals
  C) flexibility and a value system D) practicality and rationality
  Passage Three
  Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.
  Priscilla Ouchida's "energy efficient" house turned out to be a horrible dream. When she and her engineer husband married a few years ago, they built a $100,000, three -bedroom home in California. Tightly sealed to prevent air leaks,the house was equipped with small double paned(双层玻璃的) windows and several other energy saving features. Problems began as soon as the couple moved in, however. Priscilla's eyes burned. Her throat was constantly dry. She suffered from headaches and could hardly sleep. It was as though she had suddenly developed a strange illness.
  Experts finally traced the cause of her illness. The leyel of of formaldehyde(甲醛) gas in her kitchen was twice the maximum allowed by federal standards for chemical workers. The source of the gas? Her new kitchen cabinets and wall to wall carpeting.
  The Ouchidas are victims of indoor air pollution, which is not given sufficient attention partly because of the nation's drive to save energy. The problem itself isn't new. "The indoor environment was dirty long before energy conservation came along," says Moschandreas, a pollution scientist at Geomet Technologies in Maryland. "Energy conservation has tended to accentuate the situation in some cases."
  The problem appears to be more troublesome in newly constructed homes rather than old ones. Back in the days when energy was cheap, home builders didn't worry much about unsealed cracks. Because of such leaks, the air in an average home was replaced by fresh outdoor air about once an hour. As a result, the pollutants generated in most households seldom built up to dangerous levels.
  31. It can be learned from the passage that the Ouchidas' house_______.
  A) is well worth the money spent on its construction
  B) is almost faultless from the point of energy conservation
  C) failed to meet energy conservation standards
  D) was designed and constructed in a scientific way
  32. What made the Ouchidas' new house a horrible dream?
  A) Lack of fresh air.
  B) Poor quality of buildig materials.
  C) Gas leakage in the kitchen.
  D) The newly painted walls
  33. The word "accentuate"(Line 4, Para. 3) most probably means "________".
  A) relieve
  B) accelerate
  C) worsen
  D) improve
  34. Why were cracks in old houses not a big concern?
  A) Because indoor cleanness was not emphasized.
  B) Because energy used to be inexpensive.
  C) Because environmental protection was given top priority.
  D) Because they were technically unavoidable.
  35. This passage is most probably taken from an article entitled "________" .
  A) Energy Conservation B) House Building Crisis
  C) Air Pollution Indoors D) Traps in Building Consruction
  Passage Four
  Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.
  In 1993, New York State ordered stores to charge a deposit on beverage(饮料) containers. Within a year, consumers had returned millions of aluminum cans and glass and plastic bottles. Plenty of companies were eager to accept the aluminum and glass as raw materials for new products, but because few could figure out what to do with the plastic, much of it wound up buried in landfills (垃圾填埋场). The problem was not limited to New York. Unfortunately, there were too few uses for second hand plastic.
  Today, one out of five plastic soda bottles is recycled (回收利用) in the United States. The reason for the change is that now there are dozens of companies across the country buying discarded plastic soda bottles and turning them into fence posts, paint brushes, etc.
  As the New York experience shows, recycling involves more than simply separating
  valuable materials from the rest of the rubbish. A discard remains a discard until somebody figures out how to give it a second life-and until economic arrangements exist to give that second life value. Without adequate markets to absorb materials collected for recycling, throwaways actually depress prices for used materials.
  Shrinking landfill space, and rising costs for burying and burning rubbish are forcing local governments to look more closely at recycling. In many areas, the East Coast especially, recycling is already the least expensive waste management option. For every ton of waste recycled, a city avoids paying for its disposal, which, in parts of New York, amounts to savings of more than $100 per ton. Recycling also stimulates the local economy by creating jobs and trims the pollution control and energy costs of industries that make recycled products by giving them a more refined raw material.
  36. What regulation was issued by New York State concerning beyerage containers?
  A) Beverage companies should be responsible for collecting and reusing discarded
  plastic soda bottles.
  B) Throwaways should be collected by the state for recycling.
  C) A fee should be charged on used containers for recycling.
  D) Consumers had to pay for beverage containers and could get their money back on
  returning them.
  37. The returned plastic bottles in New York used to _______.
  A) end up somewhere underground
  B) be turned into raw materials
  C) have a second life value
  D) be separated from other rubbish
  38. The key problem in dealing with returned plastic beverage containers is_______.
  A) to sell them at a profitable price
  B) how to turn them into useful things
  C) how to reduce their recycling costs
  D) to lower the prices for used materials
  39. Recycling has become the first choice for the disposal of rubbish because _______.
  A) local governments find it easy to manage
  B) recycling has great appeal for the jobless
  C) recycling causes little pollution
  D) other methods are more expensive
  40. It can be concluded from the passage that _______.
  A) rubbish is a potential remedy for the shortage of raw materials
  B) local governments in the U.S. can expect big profits from recycling
  C) recycling is to be recommended both economically and environmentally
  D) lanfills will still be widely used for waste disposal
  Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
  Section A
  Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A) , B) , C) and D) . Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Anwer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
  41. It is important that the hotel receptionist _______ that guests are registered correctly.
  A) has made sure
  B) made sure
  C) must make sure
  D) make sure
  42. I suggested he should _______ himself to his new conditions.
  A) adapt
  B) adopt
  C) regulate
  D) suit
  43. I'll never forget _______ you for the first time.
  A) to meet
  B) meeting
  C) to have met
  D) having to be meeting
  44. Cancellation of the flight _______ many passengers to spend the night at the airport.
  A) resulted
  B) obliged
  C) demanded
  D) recommended
  45. That young man still denies _______ the fire behind the store.
  A) start
  B) to start
  C) having started
  D) to have started
  46. _______ in a recent science competition, the three students were awarded scholarships totaling $21,000.
  A) Judged the best
  B) Judging the best
  C) To be judged the best
  D) Having judged the best
  47. Wihtout proper lessons, you could _______ a lot of bad habits when playing the piano.
  A) keep up
  B) pick up
  C) draw up
  D) catch up
  48. Everything we eat and drink contains some salt; we can meet the body's need for it from natural sources without turning _______ the salt bottle.
  A) up
  B) to
  C) on
  D) over
  49. He always did well at school _______having to do part-time jobs every now and then.
  A) in spite of
  B) regardless of
  C) on account of
  D) in case of
  50. ______ receiving financial support from family, community or the government is allowed, it is never admired.
  A) As
  B) Once
  C) Although
  D) Lest
  51. All the key words in the article are printed in _______ type so as to attract readers' attention.
  A) dark
  B) dense
  C) black
  D) bold
  52. The basic features of the communication process are identified in one question:Who says _______ through what channel to whom?
  A) how
  B) when
  C) what
  D) such
  53. I didn't _______ to take a taxi but I had to as I was late.
  A) assume
  B) suppose
  C) mean
  D) hope
  54. The hours _______ the children spend in their one-way relationship with television people undoubtedly affect their relationships with real-life people.
  A) in which
  B) on which
  C) when
  D) that
  55. I'd rather have a room of my own, however small it is, than _______ a room with someone else.
  A) share
  B) to share
  C) sharing
  D) to have shared
  56. In Disneyland, every year, some 800,000 plants are replaced because Disney refused to _______ signs asking his "guests" not to step on them.
  A) put down
  B) put out
  C) put up
  D) put off
  57. _______ difficulties we may come across, we'll help one another to overcome them.
  A) Wherever
  B) Whatever
  C) However
  D) Whenever
  58. So many directors _______, the board meeting had to be put off.
  A) were absent
  B) been absent
  C) had been absent
  D) being absent
  59. On New Year's Eve,New York City holds an outdoor _______ which attracts a crowd of a million or more people.
  A) incident
  B) event
  C) case
  D) affair
  60. American football and baseball are becoming known to the British public through televised _______ from the United States.
  A) transfer
  B) deliveries
  C) transportation
  D) transmissions
  61. He will surely finish the job on time _______ he's left to do it in his own way.
  A) in that
  B) so long as
  C) in case
  D) as far as
  62. If this kind of fish becomes _______, future generations may never taste it at all.
  A) minimum
  B) short
  C) seldom
  D) scarce
  63. The bank is reported in the local newspaper _______ in broad daylight yesterday.
  A) being robbed
  B) having been robbed
  C) to have been robbed
  D) robbed
  64. Agriculture was a step in human progress _______ which subsequently there was not anything comparable until our own machine age.
  A) in
  B) for
  C) to
  D) from
  65. The same factors push wages and prices up together, the one _______ the other.
  A) emphasizing
  B) reinforcing
  C) multiplying
  D) increasing
  66. No one had told Smith about _______ a lecture the following day.
  A) there being
  B) there be
  C) there would be
  D) there was
  67. Operations which left patients _____ and in need of long periods of recovery time now leave them feeling relaxed and comfortable.
  A) exhausted
  B) abandoned
  C) injured
  D) deserted
  68. I was halfway back to the cottage where my mother lived ______ Susan caught up with me.
  A) when
  B) while
  C) until
  D) though
  69. _______ the temperature falling so rapidly, we couldn't go on with the experiment.
  A) Since
  B) For
  C) As
  D) With
  70. The bed has been _______ in the family.It was my great-grandmother's originally.
  A) handed out
  B) handed over
  C) handed down
  D) handed round
  Part Ⅳ Cloze (15 minutes)
  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A) , B) , C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line throught the centre.
  For the past two years, I have been working on students' evaluation of classroom teaching. I have kept a record of informal conversations 71 some 300 students from at 72 twenty-one colleges and universities. The students were generally 73 and direct in their comments 74 how course work could be better 75 . Most of their remarks were kindly 76 - with tolerance rather than bitterness-and frequently were softened by the 77 that the students were speaking 78 some, not all, instructors. Nevertheless, 79 the following suggestions and comments indicate, students feel 80 with things-as-they-are in the classroom.
  Professors should be 81 from reading lecture notes. "It makes their 82 monotonous (单调的)."
  If they are going to read, why not 83 out copies of the lecture? Then we 84 need to go to class. Professors should 85 repeating in lectures material that is in the textbook. " 86 we've read the material, we want to 87 it or hear it elaborated on, 88 repeated." "A lot of students hate to buy a 89 text that the professor has written 90 to have his lectures repeat it."
  71.
  A) involving
  B) counting
  C) covering
  D) figuring
  72.
  A) best
  B) least
  C) length
  D) large
  73.
  A) reserved
  B) hard-working
  C) polite
  D) frank
  74.
  A) over
  B) at
  C) on
  D) of
  75.
  A) presented
  B) submitted
  C) described
  D) written
  76.
  A) received
  B) addressed
  C) made
  D) taken
  77.
  A) occasion
  B) truth
  C) case
  D) fact
  78.
  A) on
  B) about
  C) at
  D) with
  79.
  A) though
  B) as
  C) whether
  D) if
  80.
  A) dissatisfied
  B) unsatisfactory
  C) satisfied
  D) satisfactory
  81.
  A) interfered
  B) interrupted
  C) discouraged
  D) disturbed
  82.
  A) voices
  B) sounds
  C) pronunciation
  D) gestures
  83.
  A) hold
  B) leave
  C) drop
  D) give
  84.
  A) couldn't
  B) wouldn't
  C) mustn't
  D) shouldn't
  85.
  A) refuse
  B) prohibit
  C) prevent
  D) avoid
  86.
  A) Once
  B) Until
  C) However
  D) Unless
  87.
  A) remember
  B) argue
  C) discuss
  D) keep
  88.
  A) yet
  B) not
  C) and
  D) or
  89.
  A) desired
  B) revised
  C) required
  D) deserved
  90.
  A) about
  B) how
  C) but
  D) only
  Part Writing (30 minutes)
  Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: How to Succeed in a Job interview?You should write at least 100 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:
  1 面试在求职过程中的作用
  2 取得面试成功的因素:仪表、举止谈吐、能力、专业知识、自信、实事求是……
  How to Succeed in a Job Interview?
  2001年1月大学英语四级考试试卷 录音文字材料
  Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension
  Section A
  1.M:Hi,Jane,do you have some changes?I have to make a call on the payphone.
  W:Payphone?Why not use my mobilephone?Here you are.
  Q:What will the man most probably do?
  2.M:Can you tell me the title of this oil painting?
  W:Sorry,I don't know for sure,but I guess it is an early 18 century work.Let me look it up in the catalog.
  Q:Where does this conversation most probably take place?
  3.M:I am worried about those classes I missed when I was sick.
  W:I will try to bring you up today on what we've done.
  Q:What does the woman mean?
  4.W:Hey Dan.I hear you're meeting Susan's parents for the first time.
  M:Yeah,next weekend.Fortunately,her father loves to fish,so we will have so mething to talk about.
  Q:What can be infered about Dan?
  5.W:Professor White's presentation seemed to go on forever.I was barely able to stay awake.
  M:How could you sleep through it?It is one of the best that I have ever heard on this topic.
  Q:What does the man think of Professor White's presentation?
  
  6.W:I am looking for quality paper to type my essay.I don't see any on the shelf.
  M:I saw some in the stockroom this morning.I will go and check.
  Q:What does the woman want to buy?
  7.M:It seems that we'll have another fine day tomorrow.Let's go to the seaside.
  W:O.K.But we'll have to leave very early,or else we'll get caught in the traffic.
  Q:What does the woman suggest?
  8.M:Do you know James?He is in your class.
  W:Certainly.In fact he was the first person I got to know in my class.I still remember the look on his face when he showed up late on the first day of school.
  Q:Why did the woman remember James so well?
  9.W:The man at the garage thinks that I take good care of my car.
  M:So do I. I can't see any scratches on the outside,and the inside is clean ,too.
  Q:What does the man think of the woman's car?
  10.M:Wonderful day,isn't it? Want to join me for a swim?
  W:If you don't mind waiting while I get prepared.
  Q:What does the woman mean?
  Section B
  Passage One
  A friend of mine told me that when he was a young man,he went to work as a teacher in one of the states of India.One day,he received an invitation to dinner at the ruler's palace.Very pleased,he went to tell his colleagues.They laughed, and told him the meaning of the invitation.They had all been invited,and each person who was invited had to bring with him a certain number of silver and gold coins.The number of coins varied according to the person's position in the service of the government.My friend's income was not high,so he did not have much to pay.Each person bowed before the ruler,his gold went onto one hip,his silver went onto another hip.And in this way he paid his income tax for the year.This was a simple way of collecting income tax.The tax on property was also collected simply.The ruler gave a man the power to collect a tax from each owner of land or property in a certain area,if this man promised to pay the ruler a certain amount of money.Of course,the tax collector managed to collect more money than he paid to the ruler.The difference between the sum of money he collected and the sum of money he gave to the ruler was his profit.
  11.What do we know about the speaker's friend?
  12.What was the real purpose of the ruler's invitation?
  13.What does the passage say about the tax collectors?
  Passage Two
  Around the year 1000 A.D,some people from northwest India began to travel westward.Nobody knows why.After leaving their homes,they did not settle down again,but spent their lives moving from one place to another,their later generations are called the Romany people,or Gypsies.There're Gypsies all over the world,and many of them are still travelling with no fix homes.There are about 8,000,000 of them,including 3,000,000 in eastern Europe.Gypsies sometimes have a hard time in the countries where they travel,because they are different,people may be afraid of them,look down on them, or think that they are criminals. The Nazies treated the Gypsies cruelly,like the Jews,and nobody knows how many of them died in Hitler
  's deathcamps.Gypsies have their own language Romany.They liked music and dancing.And they often work in fairs and travelling shows.Travelling is very importantto them,and many Gypsies are unhappy if they have to stay in one place.Becauseof this,it is difficult for Gypsy children to go to school,and Gypsies are often unable to read and write.In some places,the education authorities tried to arrange special travelling schools for Gypsy children,so that they can get the same education as other children.
  14.Why did the ancestors of Gypsies leave their home?
  15.What is the attitude of some people toward Gypsies?
  16.What measure has been taken to help Gypsy children?
  Passage Three
  As the car industry develops,traffic accidents have become as familiar as the common code.Yet,their cause and control remain a serious problem that is difficult to solve.Experts have long recognized that this discouraging problem has multiple causes.At the very least,it is a problem that involves three factors:the driver,the vehicle,and the roadway.If all drivers exercise good judgement at all times,there would be few accidents.But that is rather like saying that if all people were honest,there would be no crime.Improved design has helped make highways much safer.But the type of accidents continued to rise because of human failure and an enormous increase in the numbers of automobiles on the road.Attention is now turning increasingly to the third factor of the accident,the car itself.Sincep eople assume that the accidents are bound to occur,they want to know how cars can be built better to protect the drivers.
  17.What does the speaker think of the causes of automobile accidents?
  18.What measure has been taken to reduce car accidents?
  19.What remains an important factor for the rising number of road accidents?
  20.What is the focus of people's attentions today according to the passage?
  2001年1月大学英语四级考试试卷 参考答案及详细解答
  Part I Listening comprehension
  1.C\ 2.A \ 3.A \ 4.C\ 5.B\ 6.D\ 7.A \ 8.D \ 9.B\ 10.B
  11.D \ 12.C \ 13.C \ 14.B \ 15.A\ 16.C \ 17.D \ 18.A\ 19.B\ 20.D
  Part II Reading Comprehension
  21. 选A。文章第一句指出"如果不对狗进行恰当的训练,它们的行为以如同其它野生动物一样"可见狗的行为问题是由其本性所决定的,故选A。
  22. 选C。文章开始就说明了狗的兽性和在未训练前所具有的破坏性,对于这种情况最好的是驯服它,也正是答案C表述的。
  23. 选C。文章第二段最后一句说:狗与主人我最有效的交流是让狗知道,你想让它去做什么,很明显这需要一个好的方法,即答案C正确。
  24. 选D。见第三段最后一句。
  25. 选A。见最后一段最后一句。
  26. 选B。文章第二段说明了作者想通过与文科生的交流拓宽自己的视野,并想成为一个完美的理科生,即科技与文学的结合,故答案B正确。
  27. 选D。第二段第四句指出"我想通过与非理工科的人交往来拓展自己的眼界"与D项同意。
  28. 选D。见第三段最后一段。
  29. 选C。文章第一句作者说自己是个idealist即"理想主义者"C项的意思是不实际的,不现实。
  30. 选A。此处的"they"指的是上文提到engineering and the liberal arts故选A。
  31. 选B。从文章第一段第三句可以看出Orchids的房子采用了很多energy conservation的措施,从这方面讲是无可挑剔的。
  32. 选A。见第三段第一句。
  33. 选C。accentuate意为"加重"在文中是"使…恶化"的意思,故选C。
  34. 选B。见最后一段第二句。
  35. 选C。本文主要在讲室内空气的污染问题,故选C。
  36. 选D。文章第一句中deposit意为"订金",故选D。
  37. 选A。见第一段第三句。
  38. 选B。根据第一段最后一句可见"二手塑料的用途很少",因此如向它们变成有用的东西是处理回收的塑料饮料包装中的主要问题。
  39. 选D。见最后一段第二句。
  40. 选C。见最后一段最后一句。
  Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure
  41. 选D。important要求that从句中要用虚拟。
  42. 选A。adapt…to…意思是"使…适应…"
  43. 选B。forget to do sth意为"忘记去做某事"(此事未做);forget doing sth意为"忘记做过某事"(此事已做)
  44. 选B。oblige sb to do sth强迫某个人做某事。
  45. 选C。deny doing sth否认做过某事。
  46. 选A。此题是一个名词独立主格,主语与judge是动宾关系,所以用过去分词。
  47. 选B。keep up 获得;draw up 写catch up跟上。
  48. 选B。turn up 露面;turn to 求助于…;turn on 打开;turn over思考
  49. 选A。A)虽然 B)不管,不顾 C)因为 D)以防,故选A。
  50. 选C。A)因为 B)曾经 C)虽然 D)以免,故选C。
  51. 选D。在印刷品中黑体的固定说法为bold type。
  52. 选C。句中says后面需加一个宾语,而只有what可做关系代词。
  53. 选C。mean to do sth打算
  54. 选D。此处为定语从句that指物,作spent的宾语。
  55. 选A。would rather do sth than do sth意为“宁愿…而不愿…”
  56. 选C。A)写下,记下 B)熄灯,火 C)张贴 D)延期
  57. 选B。本题意为"无论我们遇到什么样的困难,我们都会互相帮助克服困难"。
  58. 选D。本题为独立主格结构,故选D。
  59. 选B。A)事件 B)重大事件 C)事例 D)事务,业务
  60. 选D。A)调后,转移; B)释放 C)流放 D)播送消息
  61. 选B。A)没有这个短语 B)只要 C)万一,以防 D)以…而论
  62. 选D。A)最小量 B)短的 C)很少,不经常 D)稀小
  63. 选C。be reported to do 为固定用法意为"被报导…"
  64. 选C。此处为定语从句介词 + which 结构;be comparable to为固定搭配意为"能与…相比较的"
  65. 选B。A) 强调 B) 加强 C) 增加 D)使升高
  66. 选A。此处为独立主格结构,做about的宾语。
  67. 选A。A)精疲力竭的 B) 被废除的 C) 受伤的 D)被抛弃的
  68. 选A。此处为时间状语从句。意"为SuSan赶上我时,我正在回妈妈居住的村子的半路上"
  69. 选D。A)、B)、C)均为连词后面应该加句子。
  70. 选C。A) 分给 B)移交,让出 C)传给(后代)D)传递
  Part Ⅳ Cloze
  71. 选A。此处意为"涉及大约300个学生至少21所高校的非正式谈话"
  72. 选B。at least固定短语"至少"
  73. 选D。A)含蓄的 B)努力的 C)礼貌的 D)坦白的
  74. 选C。Comment on 为固定搭配,意为"对…的评价"
  75. 选A。present的意思是:to bring to sb's notice directly。
  76. 选C。made mark 是固定搭配译为讲话
  77. 选C。by the case译为“在…情况下”
  78. 选B。speak + abont表论及;…涉及
  79. 选B。此处意为"正如以下建议所暗示的…"
  80. 选A。A)令我不满的 B)没有这个形容词 C)没有这个形容词 D)称心如意的
  81. 选C。A)、B)、D)意思是"打扰" C) 不鼓励
  82. 选A。A)噪音,说话的声音 B)声响,声音 C)发音 D)手势
  83. 选D。give out 固定短语"分发"
  84. 选D。should可代表有个人感情色彩,且表将来发生的事情的可能性
  85. 选D。avoid doing sth避免做某事
  86. 选A。此处意为"一旦我们读材料,我们希望讨论它或是听到详尽的说明,而不是简单的重复"。
  87. 选C。 A)记住 B)争论,争吵 C)讨论 D)保存
  88. 选B。参考86解释,故选择not。B为答案。
  89. 选C。A) required text 必须的课本
  90. 选D。此处意为"仅仅为了…"
  Part V Writing(略)
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